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By Joseph J. Kockelmans (Editor)

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Extra info for A Companion to Martin Heidegger's "Being and time"

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Asking a question or performing an inquiry is a mode of human behavior and as such illustrates what ontological inquiry is about. We already know what asking a question involves, because we have already asked, and answered, many questions. Involved in any question, outside the activity of the questioner himself, there is something that is questioned (ein Befragtes), something that is asked about (das Gefragte), and something that is learned by the asking (das Erfragte). Corresponding to each of these structural moments of a question, we have in ontological questioning an entity, its being, and the meaning of its being.

And whoever says Dasein gives tone to Sein. The literary creation, on the other hand, gives tone to the world of the artist's expression; it brings to speech the tensions felt in the artist's being in the world. Under this guise, the Heideggerian aestheticalways to be differentiated, as he said, from the art of the pastrycookis perfectly consistent with a structuralist criticism. But the linguistic theory upon which that criticism was built, Saussure's General Theory of Linguistics, 23 considered all uses of language to be structured relations of signs, themselves merely relational counters between a signifier and a signified.

Unfortunately, there is no alternative to a purely philosophical analysis of the concepts involved. I shall perform that analysis in the commentary that follows and then turn to the specific issue of criticism in the final chapter of this book. " First, the authorial preface. Heidegger notes that the original of his text was published in 1927 as part of Husserl's Jahrbuch für Phänomenologie und phänomenologische Forschung, volume 8, and simultaneously in an offprint version. The changes in the various editions were limited to quotations and punctuation; but in the seventh edition, he tells us, the words "Erste Hälfte" were removed from the Daseinsanalytik, since the second half was never published, and, after a quarter of a century, were the second half to be published, the first would have had to undergo massive revisions.

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