Download A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin PDF

By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

Including half 1 of an analogous grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main specified and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with eastern of the previous eastern language of the Yamato zone in the course of the Asuka Nara interval. It offers countless numbers of examples drawn not just from the main outdated jap texts similar to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but additionally from all minor extant texts comparable to the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. it's also comparative fabric from japanese previous eastern as soon as spoken within the quarter approximately reminiscent of present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and sometimes from different surrounding languages. half 2 is observed through exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical types defined, linguistic kinds, own names, in addition to an index of all previous eastern texts which are used as examples within the description.

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Additional info for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions

Example text

MYS V: 813) f~~~Z ~:t:~* ~tfJi~ ututu-ni si taNta n-i ar-an-e-Npa reality-LOC PT direct DV-INF exist-NEG-EV-CON because [it] was not directly in the reality (MYS XVII: 3978) 4 Cited according to Kuroita & Matsuyama 1965-66, vol. 1a. : children) of the ancestors who have passed continuously [their glorious names] from old times to the present [day's] reality (MYS XVIII: 4094) The form wotutu probably represents a relic of the pre-raised form preserving primary PJ *0. Since the raisin? D. (Miyake 2003b: 126), it is not very likely that initial Iw-I immediately disappeared after that.

1JI;fPJ£3:-TflH~Z {:fr£3:~~ Illliftt;;~~~. nani to kamo utukusi imo-Nka mata sak-yi-[i]Nde-ko-n-u what DV PT beautiful beloved-POSS again bloom-INF-exit(INF)come-NEG-ATTR 1 wonder why [my] beautiful beloved does not bloom again. £3: tok[o]-yipa-nasu ka-ku si moNkamo to omop-ey-NtOmo eternal-rock-COMP thus-INF PT PT DV think-EV-CONC Although [I] think that [I] would like to be (thus) like an eternal rock. : how much long, how much long) (NK 15) SPECIAL DERIVED FORM IN -RA There is a special derived adjectival form in -ra with an unclear meaning 3 that occurs only after four adjectival stems: aka 'red, The word muna 'empty' in this example is interesting, because it involves a usage of the root muna, rather than the stem muna-si-.

Undoubtedly, some of them, like sira-tama 'white jewel' were borrowed into Old Ryukyuan, because (a) sira-tama is attested only in the Ryuka and the Kumi-odori, but not in the Om oro sashi, and (b) because siratama is frequently used in Middle Japanese as a compound. However, none of the cases appearing in the above examples: sira nisiya 'white northern wind,' opo to 'big sea,' and taka kafa 'upstream of a river' could be loans from Middle Japanese, because none of these exist as compounds in Middle Japanese.

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