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By Francis M. Carroll

In this unique and interesting e-book, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the U.S. from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.

Established by way of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly turned transparent that ambiguities and blunders within the treaty introduced confusion and contention within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, throughout the nice Lakes and from Lake more advantageous to Lake of the Woods, within the center of the continent. This borderland, gradually filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and infantrymen, Europeans and primary international locations peoples - turned the focal point of the key concern in Anglo-Canadian-American family members for nearly sixty years.

Drawing on broad learn and using manuscript fabrics by no means dropped at endure at the topic prior to, the hunt for Boundary is the 1st paintings to entirely clarify the efforts of the various Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant foreign makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The ebook additionally offers a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the experience of urgency that eventually allowed for negotiation of an affordable compromise cost of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A solid and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton known as it. packed with the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to existence a notable time within the diplomatic and political historical past of either Canada and the United States.

Winner of the Dafoe ebook Prize, provided by way of the J.W. Dafoe Foundation

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Extra info for A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842

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S. Secretary of State Daniel Webster, analysed in chapter 12, that led to the resolution of most of the outstanding issues surrounding the boundary. ' This page intentionally left blank PART ONE Commissions under the Treaty of Ghent: 1816-1827 This page intentionally left blank Chapter 2 Article 4: Islands in the Bay 'As to my colleague Col. S. S. Secretary of State James Monroe on 20 October 1816, following the first meetings of the commission under article 4 of the Treaty of Ghent, charged with determining the boundary among the islands of Passamaquoddy Bay.

The Americans argued that they were not authorized in their instructions to deal with Indian affairs and that the earlier invitation to open talks had made no mention of these matters. Indeed, Adams compared the Indians in the United States to Britain's periodically rebellious Irish subjects. Furthermore, the Americans pointed out that their government had already negotiated peace settlements with many of the Native Peoples in the region, and that in several instances the Indians had changed sides in the war and were now opposing the British.

On 10 November the Americans submitted a draft treaty, or projet, following British reluctance to do so. The text included several articles dealing with impressment, blockade, and indemnity for property that the British refused to consider. However, the most important passage was in article 1, where both parties agreed that 'All Territory, Places and Possessions' be restored to their original owners. This would end the war on the basis of status quo ante bellum, and the British agreed, with only some slight change to the text.

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