By William James
As those lectures are supposed to be public, and so few, i've got assumed all very designated difficulties to be excluded, and a few subject of basic curiosity required. thankfully, our age seems becoming philosophical back - nonetheless within the ashes dwell the wonted fires. Oxford, lengthy the seed-bed, for the english international, of the idealism encouraged through Kant and Hegel, has lately turn into the nursery of a really various state of mind. Even non-philosophers have began to take an curiosity in an argument over what's often called pluralism or humanism. It seems to be a bit as though the traditional english empiricism, see you later placed out of favor right here via nobler sounding germanic formulation, may be re-pluming itself and preparing for a much better flight than ever. It looks like foundations have been being sounded and tested afresh.
Individuality outruns all category, but we insist on classifying each we meet
Table of Contents
The kinds of Philosophic pondering 1; Our age is becoming philosophical back, three swap of tone seeing that 1860, four Empiricism and Rationalism outlined, 7 the method of Philosophizing: Philosophers decide upon a few a part of the area to interpret the complete via, eight They search to make it appear much less unusual, eleven Their temperamental adjustments, 12 Their platforms has to be reasoned out, 18 Their tendency to over-technicality, 15 way over this in Germany, 17 the kind of imaginative and prescient is the key in a thinker, 20 Primitive idea, 21 Spiritualism and Materialism : Spiritualism indicates kinds, 23 Theism and Pantheism, 24 Theism makes a duality of guy and God, and leaves guy an intruder, 25 Pantheism identifies guy with God, 29 The modern tendency is in the direction of Pantheism, 30 Legitimacy of our call for to be crucial within the Universe, 33 Pluralism as opposed to Monism: The 'each-form' and the 'all-form' of representing the area
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Additional info for A Pluralistic Universe (Classic Reprint)
1·'or pluralists, on the other hand. time remains as real as anything, and nothing in the universe is great or static or eternal enough not to have some history. But the world that each of us feels most intimately at home with is that of beings with Ilislories that play into our history, whom we can help in t111�ir vicissi tudrs even as they help us in ours. This satis faction the absolute denies ns ; we can neither hel ll nor hinder it. for i t stands ontside of history. It surely is a merit in a philosophy to make the very life we lead seem real and earnest.
Nature can have little unity for savages . It is a Walpurgis-nacht procession, a checkered play of shadow, n light and medley of impish and el fi sh friendly and inimical powers. • Close to nature' though they livc, they are anything but Wordsworth ians. If a bit of cosmic emotion ever thrills them, i t is likely to be at midnight. when the camp smoke rises straight to the wicked full moon in the zenith, and the forest is all whis pering with witchery and danger. The eeriness of the world, the mischief and the manyness, the littleness of the forces, the magical sur prises, the unaccountability of evcry agent, A PLURALISTIC UNI VERSE these surely are the characters most impressive at that stage of culture, these communicate the thrills of curiosity and the earliest intellectual l grations, stirrings.
What boots it to tell me that the absolute way is the true way, and to exhort me, as Emerson says, to lift mine eye up to its style. and manners of the sky. if the feat is impossible by definition ? I am finite once for all, and all the categories of my sympathy are knit up with the finite world as such, and with things that have a history. ' Aus dieser erde quellen meine freuden. ' I have neither eyes nor ears nor heart nor mind for anything of an opposite description. and the stagnant felicity of the absolute's own perfec tion moves me as little as I move it.