Download A to Z of Physicists (Notable Scientists) by Darryl J. Leiter PDF

By Darryl J. Leiter

One other vital survey within the extraordinary Scientists sequence, A to Z of Physicists focuses not just at the lives and personalities of these profiled, but in addition on their examine and contributions to the sector. a desirable and critical section of this quantity is the eye paid to the stumbling blocks that girls and minority physicists have conquer to arrive their own ambitions. via incidents, quotations, and images, the entries painting whatever of the human face that is usually misplaced in books on technology and scientists. A to Z of Physicists good points a hundred and fifty entries and 50 black-and-white images. Culturally inclusive and spanning the total variety of physicists from precedent days to the current day, this is often a fantastic source for college students and common readers drawn to the heritage of physics or the numerous features of the non-public lives of vital physicists.

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Extra resources for A to Z of Physicists (Notable Scientists)

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This was an exciting period when geophysical methods were first being applied to oil prospecting. But Bardeen, who kept abreast of advances in physics, was increasingly drawn to pure science. In 1933, he gave up his industrial career and enrolled for graduate work at Princeton University with EUGENE PAUL WIGNER. At Princeton he was introduced to the rapidly developing field of solid state physics. Bardeen was fascinated by the work of such physicists as Wigner and Frederick Seitz, who were using the new quantum mechanics to help understand how semiconductors worked.

He first studied at the Liverpool Institute and then entered University College in Liverpool in 1895; there he studied physics under Oliver Lodge, a pioneer in radio. He earned a bachelor’s degree in 1898 with highest honors and, a year later, a master’s degree. A prestigious research scholarship enabled him to attend Trinity College, Cambridge, in the autumn of 1899 and to work at the Cavendish Laboratory under JOSEPH JOHN (J. ) THOMSON, who had recently discovered that cathode rays consisted of electrons.

In 1934, he first formulated his theory of the deuteron (the nucleus of an atom of deuterium: a combination of a proton and a neutron. ) The following year he went on to resolve contradictions in the nuclear mass scale. His theoretical investigations of nuclear reactions enabled him to predict many reaction cross sections. He also gave a more precise quantitative form to NIELS HENRIK DAVID BOHR’s theory of the compound nucleus. Bethe summarized his own work and other theoretical and experimental studies in nuclear physics in three articles in the Reviews of Modern Physics, which became the basic textbook for nuclear physicists.

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