By Talcott Parsons
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This can be the 1st of a two-volume learn of
societies that pursues and expands upon
comparative difficulties and strategies pioneered
by Max Weber that allows you to practice and
further improve the overall conception of action.
This idea is explicitly formulated in
congruence with the most important tenets of modern
evolutionary biology, starting with the notion
that basic styles of tradition serve as
structural anchors of motion platforms in the
same approach that genetic styles anchor species.
In Parsons' view, genetic structures and cultural
systems impose the main cybernetic
limits in which human organisms can
develop structurally autonomous personality
systems and social structures. All of those analytically
independent structures are noticeable to interpenetrate
and articulate concurrently in
a hierarchy of keep an eye on and a hierarchy of
conditioning elements, in order that the relatively
"high info" structures exert organizing
control over these reduce info "high
energy" platforms that set useful yet not
sufficient stipulations underlying motion.
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Additional info for Action Theory and the Human Condition
The sick person, of course, may The Sick Role and the Role of the Physician Reconsidered 25 himself be a physician, but in his role as a patient he stands, relative to non-sick physicians, very much as do patients who medically speaking are lay people. The most general basis of that superiority of health agency personnel generally, and physicians in particular, seems to me to rest in their having been endowed with special responsibilities for the health of persons defined as ill or as suffering threats to their future health who have come under their jurisdiction, that is, who have become in some sense patients of the individual physician or of the health care organization in which he performs a role.
It may not, however, be confined to this passive level. In many different degrees and respects, patients are asked to, and they often do, take the initiative in assuming the responsibility for a more active role in the care of their own health. The case of diabetics, cited above, is very much to the point. It should not be forgotten that other known sick people, who medically speaking are lay people, may often be involved as well. A striking case is that of family members, particularly a spouse, in the case of the very demanding techniques of home dialysis for patients with severe cases of renal failure.
G. ), Experimentation with Human Subjects (New York: Braziller, 1970), pp. 178-196. 38 SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH AND ILLNESS seek "remedy" in the courts and thereby hold accountable those who have injured or might injure his interests. Both these modes of control have serious limitations for many classes of cases, but they are, nevertheless, of great importance in establishing a broad framework within which expectations of accountability are established. Thus, the importance of the adjudicatory system is by no means confined to the cases in which formal court decisions are made, since anticipation of such decisions serves as an exceedingly important guide to action.