By Bartholomew Elias
The reaction of the U.S. federal govt to the occasions of September eleven, 2001 has mirrored the problem of notable a stability among imposing safety features to discourage terrorist assaults whereas while restricting disruption to air trade. Airport and Aviation safety: U.S. coverage and approach within the Age of worldwide Terrorism is a finished reference that examines the continual threats to aviation safety that led as much as the terrorist assaults of September eleventh, describes next terror plots opposed to aviation resources, and explores U.S. efforts to counter and mitigate those threats. Addressing the place of birth safeguard demanding situations dealing with the U.S. within the age of terrorism, this article explores: defense protocol ahead of Sep 11 Precursors to Sept. 11 The emerging probability of Al Qaeda Tactical and congressional reaction to Sep 11, together with new laws the wider context of danger review Intelligence amassing Airport safeguard, together with passenger, luggage, and worker screening Airline in-flight safety features Airport perimeter defense the specter of shoulder-fired missiles safety for GA (general aviation) operations and airports starting with a historic backdrop describing the sunrise of the age of world terrorism within the Nineteen Sixties and carrying on with up till the current time, the ebook demonstrates the vast social and political context underlying fresh adjustments within the aviation defense approach as a right away results of the Sep 11 assaults. insurance examines ongoing threats and vulnerabilities to the aviation infrastructure, together with an exploration of the way previous terrorist incidents have come to form U.S. coverage and technique.
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Extra info for Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism
Hijackings became commonplace in the United States in the early 1960s amid growing tensions between the United States and Cuba. Initially, Cubans had resorted to hijacking aircraft as a means to escape the Castro regime, but by the early 1960s the flow had reversed, and airplanes in the United States were being hijacked to Cuba by Cuban rebels, radical leftist Americans, and fugitives seeking asylum in Cuba. Somewhat ironically, Raúl Castro—Fidel Castro’s brother and his successor as President of Cuba in 2008—may well have planted the idea of hijacking, particularly in the minds of those hijacking Cuban aircraft to the United States.
Davis, Jr. to serve in the newly created position of Director of Civil Aviation Security within the Department of Transportation (DOT) and pressing Congress to increase airline ticket taxes on domestic flights and increase head taxes of foreign flights to pay, in part, for aviation security enhancements, including the deployment of armed sky marshals and electronic screening technologies for inspecting certain passengers, particularly those traveling on international flights. The biggest cost driver was a plan to deploy 2500 sky marshals on international flights at an initial cost of $28 million for the hiring, training, and initial deployment and $50 million per year thereafter to maintain the force.
Although Hartke’s crusade failed to gain popular support, federal cases were quickly brought against the FAA, arguing that the security screening procedures violated the Fourth Amendment, which guarantees individuals protection against unreasonable searches and seizures. 1 Domestic and foreign aircraft hijacking incidents (1970–2000). S. S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism obtain evidence for criminal charges against an individual. Also, since the screening was required of all passengers, it could not be viewed as being discriminatory, which arguably put it on more solid legal footing than the prior practice of behavioral profiling.