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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Committee on Alternatives for Inspection of Outer Continental ShelfOperations

Aggressive, potent security inspection courses are key parts to making sure that oil- and gas-producing platform operations at the outer continental shelf are carried out in a secure and environmentally sound demeanour. even supposing the oil and fuel leaseholders themselves are essentially chargeable for the steadiness in their operations, the Minerals administration provider (MMS) of the dep. of the inner is charged with prescribing safety and examining structures. according to an MMS request, this ebook examines attainable revisions of MMS's inspection method, appraises inspection practices elsewhere--both in executive and industry--assesses the benefits and drawbacks of other strategies, and recommends very likely extra effective practices aimed toward expanding industry's knowledge of its responsibility for safety.

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The required degree of reliability of the back-up device depends on the severity of the potential hazard. • Where experience in applying FMEA analysis to production equipment indicates that only one level of protection is required because of the degree of reliability of the primary device and the low cost of the specific consequences of failure, nevertheless, two levels of protection should be specified since it is often more costly in engineering time to document the need for only one level of protection than it is to install and maintain two levels.

The likelihood of having such a large discrepancy, if the two sets of data were comparably based, is small. The OCS fatality incidence rate is calculated from the formula (N/EH) × 200,000,000 where N is the number of fatalities, EH is the total hours worked by all employees during a calendar year, and the constant is the standard used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2,000 labor hours per year × 100,000 employees) for reporting incidence rates. A minimum (working) and a maximum (total) value of EH in OCS operations was calculated earlier.

3 percent actually were witnessed by the MMS. 7 percent were performed by the operator without MMS supervision, but with the documentation being kept available for review by the MMS. In order to expedite inspections and enforcement and to promote uniformity of inspectors' findings, all MMS standing requirements (derived from regulations) have been melded into a listing of "potential incidents of noncompliance" (PINCs), which forms a checklist for the MMS inspectors. This "National PINC List" generally addresses tests of safety devices.

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