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By Bertrand Russell

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This] really says no more than that in the whole time in which I am conscious of myself, I am conscious of this time as belonging to the unity of my Self, and it is all the same whether I say that this whole time is in Me, as an individual unity, or that I am to be found with numerical identity, in all of this time” (A 362). Cartesian Consciousness and the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories 15 regard. ”²³ And he describes the “subjective unity of consciousness” that “stands under” transcendental unity as one “through which [the] manifold of intuition is empirically given for [zu; my emphasis]” transcendental unity (B 139).

Unity of the connection of the manifold, which is universally valid. ²¹  In § Kant also says that the “I think” of apperception needs to be related to a manifold antecedently given in me and, going in the opposite direction, that the manifold needs to be related to the “I think” “in the same subject in which this manifold is to be encountered” (B  – ; my emphasis).  E. , at A n. To be sure, at A  Kant says that “All intuitions are nothing for us […] if they cannot be taken up into (aufgenommen ins; my emphasis) consciousness,” which is connected in the context with the establishment of properly categorial transcendental unity.

To be sure, it is not clear how the “transcendental system” notion would serve better in this respect. But again, it seems to me not unreasonable to suppose that Kant considered it at least a necessary condition. And the following, regarding a judgment’s “bring[ing] given cognitions to the objective unity of apperception,” certainly seems to suggest that he had something still stronger in mind: [E]ven if the judgment itself is empirical, hence contingent, […] these representations […] belong to one another in virtue of the necessary unity of the apperception in the synthesis of intuitions, i.

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