By Johannes Lehmann, Dirse C. Kern, Bruno Glaser, William I. Woods
Darkish Earths are a testomony to vanished civilizations of the Amazon Basin, yet can also solution how huge societies may perhaps maintain in depth agriculture in an atmosphere of infertile soils. This publication examines their beginning, houses, and administration. Questions stay: have been they deliberately produced or a derivative of habitation. extra new and multidisciplinary views by way of best specialists could pave the way in which for the following revolution in soil administration within the humid tropics.
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Additional info for Amazonian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, Management
Hartt, C. F. (1874). Contributions to the geology and physical geography of the lower Amazonas. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, 1, 201-235. F. (1885). Contribuição para a ethnologia do valle do Amazonas. Arquivos do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro), 6, 1-174. Heckenberger, M. J. (1996). War and Peace in the Shadow of Empire: Sociopolitical Change in the Upper Xingu of Southeastern Amazonia, ca. AD 1400 – 2000. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. A. (1989). Preliminary results on soil management techniques of the Kayapó Indians.
Most villages are moderately clean but there is patterned variation within the village site. In single maloca communities the front plaza is typically more carefully cared for than the rear plaza. In circular communities, the central plaza is relatively clean compared to the area behind the houses where the work takes place. Even within a maloca the public reception area is cleaner than the kitchen, and the kitchen is cleaner than the space under the floors. Every community has an area specifically designated as a trash dump, typically adjacent to the living area (Myers, 1973).
153-185). Lanham, MD: University Press of America. E. (1924). An introductory study of the arts, crafts, and customs of the Guiana Indians. 38th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1916-17 (pp. 25-745). Washington: Smithsonian Institution. Simon, P. (1861). The Expedition of Pedro de Ursua & Lope de Aguirre in search of El Dorado and Omagua in 1560-1. London: Hakluyt Society. Simões, M. F. (1987). Pesquisas arqueológicas no baixo/médio Rio Madeira (Amazonas). Revista de Arqueología, 4, 117-134.