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By Virgil J. Vogel

The aim of this booklet, says the writer, is to teach the impact of Indian medicinal practices on white civilization. really it achieves way more. It discusses Indian theories of illness and techniques of scuffling with illness or even is going into the query of which illnesses have been indigenous and that have been dropped at the Indian by way of the white guy. It additionally lists Indian medicinal drugs that experience gained recognition within the Pharmacopeia of the USA and the nationwide Formulary.The effect of yank Indian therapeutic arts at the medication and therapeutic and pharmacology of the white guy used to be enormous. for instance, such medicinal drugs as insulin and penicillin have been expected in rudimentary shape by way of the aborigines. Coca leaves have been used as narcotics through Peruvian Indians countless numbers of years prior to Carl Koller first used cocaine as a neighborhood anesthetic in 1884. All jointly, approximately a hundred and seventy medicinal drugs, normally botanical, have been contributed to the reliable compendia by way of Indians north of the Rio Grande, approximately 50 extra coming from natives of the Latin-American and Caribbean regions.Impressions and attitudes of early explorers, settlers, physicians, botanists, and others relating to Indian healing practices are said through realms, with British, French, and Spanish colonies and the younger usa individually treated.Indian theories of disease—sorcery, taboo violation, spirit intrusion, soul loss, unfulfilled goals and wishes, etc -and shamanistic practices used to wrestle them are defined. tools of treating every kind of injuries-from fractures to snakebite-and even surgical procedure are integrated. The impact of Indian therapeutic lore upon people or household medication, in addition to at the "Indian medical professionals" and patent medications, are mentioned. For the ease of the reader, an index of botanical names is supplied, including a large choice of illustrations. The disproportionate awareness that has been given to the superstitious and unscientific gains of aboriginal drugs has tended to vague its genuine contributions to American civilization.

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Dr. Ale Page vi Hrdlicka treated Indian healing practices with considerable respect in his Physiological and Medical Observations among the Indians of Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico (1908) and, a generation later, in his article, "Disease, Medicine and Surgery among the American Aborigines" (Journal of the American Medical Association, November 12, 1939). Dr. Harlow Brooks, who was intimately acquainted with Ojibwa and Navajo medicine, left no doubt of his favorable opinions in his two articles, both entitled "The Medicine of the American Indian," in Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, June, 1929, and Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, October, 1933.

Leitz, associate director of research for the Hires Company, Dolores Nemec, librarian of the Power Pharmaceutical Library of Madison, Mary Frances Rhymer of the Chicago Historical Society, Robert Rosenthal and Helen Smith of the University of Chicago Libraries, Dr. William C. Ph. Mrs. Goldie Gillespie typed the bibliography, and my wife, Louise Vogel, drew two illustrations and helped in other ways too numerous to describe. St. " Other institutions which aided me are the Chicago Historical Society, the John Crerar Library, the Field Museum of Natural History, the library of the Medical School of the University of Illinois, the Indiana Historical Society, the Lloyd Library and Museum of Cincinnati, the Midwest Inter-Library Center, the National Research Council, the Newberry Library of Chicago, the Searle Library of the Page xiv Medical School of Northwestern University, and the University of Chicago Libraries.

Gif), netLibrary will represent them as they appear in the original text, and most computers will be able to show the full characters correctly. In order to keep the text searchable and readable on most computers, characters with diacritics that are not part of the ISO 8859-1 list will be represented without their diacritical marks. by Virgil J. Vogel Indian Place Names in Illinois (Springfield, Illinois, 1963) American Indian Medicine (Norman, 1970) This Country Was Ours: A Documentary History of the American Indian (New York, 1972) Iowa Place Names of Indian Origin (Iowa City, 1983) Indian Place Names in Michigan (Ann Arbor, 1986) Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 69-10626 ISBN: 0-8061-2293-5 American Indian Medicine is Volume 95 in The Civilization of the American Indian Series.

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