By Michael Woods
Do you know . . .Ancient cultures measured time effectively with water clocks? An engineer within the first century B.C. designed an odometer to calculate distance traveled? humans computed the 1st values of pi approximately 4 thousand years in the past? Computing expertise is as previous as human society itself. the 1st people on the earth used uncomplicated computing talents. They counted through carving tally marks in bone. They used physique elements and simple instruments to degree. Over the centuries, historic peoples discovered extra approximately computing. humans within the historic center East used scales to degree items for buying and selling. the traditional Egyptians wrote textbooks together with multiplication and department difficulties. the traditional chinese language built an abacus for fast calculations. historical Greeks made advances in geometry. What types of instruments and strategies did old mathematicians use? Which in their innovations and discoveries have stood the try of time? and the way did the ancients set the degree for our personal smooth computing? research extra in historic Computing know-how.
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Extra resources for Ancient Computing Technology: From Abacuses to Water Clocks (Technology in Ancient Cultures)
It is named for the Russian city where it’s kept. The scroll is sometimes called the Golenishchev Papyrus, after the man who bought it in Egypt in the 1890s. The author of the ancient scroll is unknown. Like the Rhind Papyrus, the Moscow Papyrus included practical arithmetic and algebra problems. Some problems calculated the rate at which a worker could do a job. Others found a ship’s measurements. The Moscow Papyrus also involved geometry. For one problem, students had to find the volume of a pyramid with its top missing.
Parts of the Vedas, sacred books of Hinduism, described the rules for building altars. One altar might have to be circular and measure a certain area. The next altar might have to be a square equal in area to the circular altar. The sacred texts gave formulas for these constructions. C. Parts of the Vedas describe shapes and sizes of altars based on mathematical principles. Why did the altars have these requirements for their size and shape? A main theme of the sacred Hindu texts was connecting the heavens, Earth, and the living.
He drew a triangle with the corners labeled A, B, and C. Euclid explained that if a hungry mule stood at point A and a bale of hay sat at point B, the mule would know that the shortest route to the hay was directly from point A to point B, not from A to C to B. Epicureans, students of another Greek school of thought, made fun of Euclid for spending time proving something that was obvious even to an animal. , deals with triangles. An c i e nt C o m p u ting S c h o o l The Greek philosopher Plato believed that society would benefit if everybody were educated to the highest level possible.