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By David A. Peterson

This ebook provides the 1st systematic typological research of applicatives throughout African, American Indian, and East Asian languages. it's also the 1st to deal with their capabilities in discourse, the derivation in their semantic and syntactic houses, and the way and why they've got replaced through the years.

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Extra resources for Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)

Sample text

Consider also the family of applicative constructions in Nomatsiguenga (Arawakan, Peru), which constitutes a similar case: 42 Applicative Constructions (2) Nomatsiguenga (Wise 1971 as cited by Payne 1990b: 222–3). a. ’ b. ’ c. ’ d. ’ e. ’ f. ’ g. /Canada)—beneWciary, recipient, directional, allative, instrumental, comitative—at least (Aoki 1970; Rude 1985); Tepehua (Totonac-Tepehua, Mexico)—beneWciary, instrumental, directional, comitative (Watters 1988); Yimas (Sepik Hill, Papua New Guinea)—beneWciary, comitative, allative, and perhaps others (Foley 1991).

105) We met each other for the children. (106) We met the children for each other. In the Wrst case, the expression each other is the undergoer or patient, and in the second case, the expression each other is the beneWciary; in both sentences each other is co-referential with we. It turns out that in Lai, if there are two animate objects in an applicative construction, in all types but the instrumental applicative construction, only the applicative object may be understood as reciprocal with the subject.

2, this applicative construction type is unique to Lai, as far as I know. n applicatives have a non-applicative paraphrase. The degree of closeness between this paraphrase and a version using the applicative construction is comparable to that between the ¼hee alternative and the verb–pii complex for expressing comitative objects described above. Example (42), (42) kay-ma? a? ’ where the semantically peripheral argument is not an oblique. 6 -taak: relinquitive Sentences including -taak applicative constructions are interpreted as involving the subject of the verb leaving the added Two Case Studies 21 object and performing the action of the verb, in either order, as seen in (44) and (45).

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