Download Aspects of Violence: A Critical Theory (Cultural by W. Schinkel PDF

By W. Schinkel

This publication offers a singular method of the social medical research of violence. It argues for an 'extended' definition of violence that allows you to keep away from subscribing to commonsensical or country propagated definitions of violence, and will pay particular recognition to 'autotelic violence' (violence for the sake of itself), in addition to to terrorism.

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Extra resources for Aspects of Violence: A Critical Theory (Cultural Criminology)

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Wife beating, for example, was far from being called ‘domestic violence’. These things indicate that a growing autonomy of the state existed but had not yet crystallized the way it has in modern times. Several interrelated structural changes took place from the fourteenth 26 Aspects of Violence century on that strengthened it and thereby equally strengthened the state’s monopoly of legitimate violence. These were most of all the development of nationalist sentiments (especially in France and in England), the increasing urbanization and the onset of a new societal hierarchy through the rise of an economic class of merchants in the early Italian Renaissance.

To deploy Carl Schmitt’s classic thesis of political theology – which states that all political concepts are rooted in theological concepts (Schmitt, 1996) – is to see to what extent the state is thought of as The Definition of Violence 23 man-made. This, in turn, reflects notions of legitimate and/or illegitimate violence. As precursors to the Western theory of the state, the Greek theory of the polis and the Roman concept of the res publica may be mentioned, although Voegelin (1951) rightly assumes that Plato’s Republic is not so much a theory of the polis but rather of the demise of the polis and its ideal constitution.

Violence, on the one hand, is always of contested legitimacy (Riches, 1986: 11), yet it is, according to Riches, also the terrain of consensus regarding its presence by those involved. While this definition has definite advantages, its disadvantages are fourfold. A first is that it is exclusively focused on acts of physical harm. The restriction to ‘physical hurt’ is arbitrary and cannot be adequately grounded, not even in ordinary language. A second disadvantage is that the initial focus on ordinary language leads to a neglect of forms of violence through the medium of ordinary language.

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