Download Assimilation's Agent: My Life as a Superintendent in the by Edwin L. Chalcraft PDF

By Edwin L. Chalcraft

Assimilation’s Agent unearths the existence and reviews of Edwin L. Chalcraft (1855–1943), a superintendent within the federal Indian boarding faculties throughout the severe period of compelled assimilation within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries. Chalcraft used to be employed through the workplace of Indian Affairs (now often called the Bureau of Indian Affairs) in 1883. in the course of his approximately 4 a long time of carrier, he labored at a couple of Indian boarding faculties and businesses, together with the Chehalis Indian tuition in Oakville, Washington; Puyallup Indian tuition in Tacoma, Washington; Chemawa Indian institution in Salem, Oregon; Wind River Indian tuition in Wind River, Wyoming; Jones Male Academy in Hartshorne, Oklahoma; and Siletz Indian enterprise in Oregon.

In this memoir Chalcraft discusses the supply peace coverage, the inspection process, allotment, the therapy of tuberculosis, corporal punishment, alcoholism, and patronage. broad insurance can also be given to the Indian Shaker Church and the government’s reaction to this perceived possibility to assimilation. Assimilation’s Agent illuminates the occasionally treacherous political maneuverings and hard judgements confronted by means of executive officers at Indian boarding faculties. It deals a hardly ever heard and at the present time arguable "top-down" view of presidency guidelines to coach and assimilate Indians.

Drawing on a wide choice of unpublished letters and records, Cary C. Collins’s creation and notes provide very important ancient heritage and context. Assimilation’s Agent illustrates the government's long term software for facing local peoples and the shortcomings of its process in the course of the most consequential eras within the lengthy and infrequently stricken historical past of yankee Indian and white relations.

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Q. Did not the children at times pick up food thrown out at your house? a. Mrs. Livesley said she had seen them do it — I never did. q. Is it not true that these children ate refuse food from the slop barrel at your house because of hunger? a. Yes Sir. q. Did you or your wife see them? a. My wife saw them. I did not. 0pt Pg ——— Short Page PgEnds: TE [-34], (26) Chalcraft’s management practices were illustrated in a journal that documented in obsessive detail how he operated his school. Stringent rules and procedures dictated every aspect of his students’ lives.

In rewarding that excellent work, Eells offered the Chehalis superintendent his choice of either a clerkship or a head teaching position at Puyallup Indian School near Tacoma, Washington. Although previous advancement opportunities had been declined, the allure of working on a larger reservation in an urban setting at a higher wage ultimately proved too strong. In June, Chalcraft accepted the position as superintendent of Puyallup Indian School. The Puyallup Years, 1889–1894 The new position presented both opportunities and challenges.

Chemawa recorded as many as seventy runaways annually. 74 And, contrary to Chalcraft’s glowing accounts, some parents openly criticized Chemawa’s academic program. One father voiced displeasure that his son had been in school for nine months and had failed to “learn much more as he was, while he was a little boy. So I know its no use for him, if he stays there long. ”75 In December 1908, Chalcraft received a letter from an Indian parent that exhibited both frustration and anger: I wrote to you a while back asking you to arrange for Myrtle to go to Chemawa but since then I have changed my mind and will not let her go there.

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