By Andrea Veltman, Mark Piper
This selection of new essays examines philosophical matters on the intersection of feminism and autonomy stories. Are autonomy and independence worthy pursuits for ladies and subordinate individuals? Is autonomy attainable in contexts of social subordination? Is the pursuit of wishes that factor from patriarchal norms in step with self sustaining business enterprise? How do feelings and worrying relate to independent deliberation? participants to this assortment solution those questions and others, advancing primary debates in autonomy thought by way of analyzing simple parts, normative commitments, and purposes of conceptions of autonomy. a number of chapters examine the stipulations useful for self sufficient organization and on the position that values and norms -- akin to independence, equality, inclusivity, self-respect, care and femininity -- play in feminist theories of autonomy. while a few contributing authors concentrate on dimensions of autonomy which are inner to the brain -- comparable to deliberative mirrored image, wishes, cares, feelings, self-identities and emotions of self esteem -- a number of authors handle social stipulations and practices that aid or stifle self reliant business enterprise, frequently answering questions of functional import. those comprise such questions as: What form of gender socialization top helps self sufficient employer and feminist targets? whilst does adapting to seriously oppressive conditions, similar to these in human trafficking, develop into a lack of autonomy? How are beliefs of autonomy tormented by capitalism? and the way do conceptions of autonomy tell matters in bioethics, corresponding to end-of-life judgements, or rights to physically self-determination?
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Additional resources for Autonomy, Oppression, and Gender
Society; Mackenzie, “Relational Autonomy, Normative Authority and Perfectionism,” Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (2008): 512–33. 26 Christman, Politics of Persons, 224. 27 The distinction between freedom conditions and opportunity conditions overlaps to some extent with Isaiah Berlin’s distinction between negative and positive liberty in Berlin, “Two Concepts of Liberty,” in Four Essays on Liberty (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969). As I explain in the following text, theorists who understand the freedom conditions for autonomy in terms of negative liberty construe the freedom required for autonomy primarily as freedom from the undue interference of other persons or the state.
31 This is clearly Nussbaum’s position as well, and it is on these grounds that she criticizes Sen’s interpretation of capabilities theory as concerned with promoting freedom. , Nussbaum, Creating Capabilities, 69–76. 32 Raz, Morality of Freedom. 33 Raz, “Multiculturalism: A Liberal Perspective” in Raz, Ethics in the Public Domain: Essays in the Morality of Law and Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994) 17–191. 34 Raz, ‘Multiculturalism, 177. 28 Autonomy, Oppression, and Gender in Raz’s view, is a complex network of interlocking social practices, and it is only by being socialized in a culture that the range of options that constitute that culture are made available to a person.
For reflections on the complex relationship between autonomy and vulnerability, see especially the essays in that volume by Joel Anderson, Catriona Mackenzie, and Jackie Leach Scully. For extended discussion of the way that some social relationships, including relations of care, can undermine autonomy, see especially Marilyn Friedman, “Autonomy and Social Relationships: Rethinking the Feminist Critique,” in Feminists Rethink the Self, edited by Diana Tietjens Meyers (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997), 40–61; Friedman, “Autonomy, Social Disruption, and Women,” in Mackenzie and Stoljar, Relational Autonomy, 35–51; Friedman, Autonomy, Gender, Politics (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003).