By Anna Entholzner, Charles Reeve
This ebook places the highlight on Southern Africa, offering a state-of-the-art suggestion by no means formerly explored within the context of weather swap and declaring arguments for local integration and cooperation. The weather Resilient Infrastructure improvement Facility (CRIDF) is the recent water infrastructure software of the united kingdom division for foreign improvement (DFID) for Southern Africa. The CRIDF promotes the institution of small to medium-scale infrastructure around the Southern African improvement neighborhood (SADC) via technical assistance aimed toward constructing sustainable pro-poor initiatives, whereas additionally facilitating entry to the monetary assets had to convey acknowledged infrastructure. extra, it makes a speciality of neighborhood water source administration ambitions and basin plans, in addition to on development weather resilience for the beneficiary groups. The Facility’s digital Water and Nexus undertaking works to enhance neighborhood peace dividends via translating the Nexus proposal into nationwide and nearby guidelines; it eventually promotes sovereign safety via better neighborhood integration around the water, meals and effort sectors, whereas considering strength advantages in reference to carbon sequestration and emission mitigation.
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Additional resources for Building Climate Resilience through Virtual Water and Nexus Thinking in the Southern African Development Community
In general terms, economic accounting for water provides a conceptual framework to analyse the contribution of water to the economy of a country, and also the impact of the economy on water resources. This allows conclusions to be reached on whether water is utilised in efﬁcient, equitable and sustainable fashions within countries (or in other distinct geographical units). Importantly, only blue water is addressed (in all its forms, including groundwater) in the present economic accounting systems, and green water, grey water and Virtual Water are not taken into account by the current techniques.
The key issue in relation to Virtual Water transfers in electricity involves the massive distinction between the Virtual Water content of electrical supplies derived from thermoelectric facilities and those from hydropower stations relying on large impoundments. This matter is addressed in brief in Text Box 3, which raises questions as to the preferred mix of regional electrical supplies in the future. Notwithstanding the complexity of comparing the precise water footprints of various sources of electricity, for the purposes of the current study, certain broad inferences can be made speciﬁcally with respect to building regional climate resilience, improving regional integration, and building regional energy security: • Given the strategic nature of electricity and its role in sustaining and building national economies, the SADC States are unlikely to signiﬁcantly erode their sovereign security in terms of their national supplies of electricity.
Small internal reserves of oil and gas but some imports from Mozambique and Kudu/shale gas in the Karoo may change this in the future. Heavily reliant on coal currently (global #9 in coal reserves) but poor quality leads to very high per capita greenhouse gas emissions. Major synthetic fuels sector. Minor hydropower, mostly already constructed No oil or gas reserves but moderate coal resources. Biomass dominates the energy use in-country No proven oil reserves but signiﬁcant gas, some of this shared with Malawi (under dispute) and also with Mozambique in the Rovuma Basin.