Download Canada’s National System of Innovation by Jorge Niosi PDF

By Jorge Niosi

Niosi appears to be like on the heritage of Canada's nationwide procedure of Innovation (NSI), fairly throughout the post-war interval, illuminating the truth that in the course of and after international battle II over 30 learn universities, a hundred and fifty govt laboratories, and dozens of presidency rules aimed toward nurturing innovation in deepest organizations, academia, and govt organisations have been constructed. He makes use of info got via questionnaire responses from all of the huge learn and improvement businesses in Canada to examine Canada's family approach of innovation, discovering expanding collaboration among universities, executive laboratories, and personal enterprises. He concludes that Canada has been fairly profitable in making a nationwide method of innovation and that the government, via its tasks and cutting edge thoughts, has been the most consider the construction of this system.

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Drawing from the new competence theory of the firm and from the concepts of the learning organization and of the knowledge economy, one may postulate that a new approach is emerging - the competence theory of nations. The NSI perspective is a good candidate to become the structuring element in that new theory. This page intentionally left blank PART ONE The NSI within Canada's Borders This page intentionally left blank 2 Canada's R&D System The entrenched image of Canada presents this country as both a latecomer and a laggard in the area of science and technology.

In countries such as Germany, Japan, and South Korea, universal banks and industrial financial conglomerates supposedly reduce the information asymmetries between financiers and industry. The latest financial crisis in Southeast Asia has shown that complacency in the lending policies of the banks was also frequent. Conversely, in countries with commercial banks and open, competitive capital markets, such as Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States, there may be weaker links between innovative industry and finance.

The concept of NSI is related to the new theories of international production and trade, based on the concept of increasing returns. In these theories, government intervention appears to be beneficial to the trading nation, by fostering creation of new knowledge-based industries through technology policy, by nurturing new productive organizations through industrial policy, by managing promotion of trade export, and/or by protecting these infant industries. Drawing from the new competence theory of the firm and from the concepts of the learning organization and of the knowledge economy, one may postulate that a new approach is emerging - the competence theory of nations.

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