By Dr. Beth B. Cohen
Following the top of global struggle II, it was once broadly suggested by way of the media that Jewish refugees came upon lives packed with chance and happiness in the USA. in spite of the fact that, for many of the 140,000 Jewish Displaced folks (DPs) who immigrated to the us from Europe within the years among 1946 and 1954, it used to be a way more complex tale. Case Closed demanding situations the existing positive conception of the lives of Holocaust survivors in postwar the USA through scrutinizing their first years throughout the eyes of these who lived it. The proof introduced forth during this publication are supported by way of case records recorded by way of Jewish social provider employees, letters and mins from corporation conferences, oral stories, and masses more.Cohen explores how the Truman Directive allowed the yankee Jewish neighborhood to address the monetary and felony accountability for survivors, and indicates what suggestions the group provided the refugees and what support was once now not on hand. She investigates the relatively tough concerns that orphan little ones and Orthodox Jews confronted, and examines the subtleties of the resettlement procedure in New York and different locales. Cohen uncovers the reality of survivors' early years in the US and divulges the complexity in their lives as "New Americans." (20110101)
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Extra resources for Case Closed: Holocaust Survivors in Postwar America
Indeed, the agencies’ focus was not on individualized service, as Rosenberg recommended. Instead, the agencies pushed the newcomers to stand on their own as quickly as possible. Rosenberg’s remarks are also important because they describe the survivors as they were in 1947, with obvious medical and psychological conditions that distinguished them from those refugees who came earlier. Despite this, when the number of immigrants What to Do with the DPs? 23 continued to increase, the agency deemphasized health and psychological issues.
Welcome to America,” read a banner atop a military boat that brought government ofﬁcials to greet the newcomers. ’ ” One new arrival declared, “We are born today the second time in our lives. ”1 Shortly after arrival of the ﬁrst DPs, Joseph Beck, executive director of USNA, sent a memo to his national ﬁeld staff alerting them to an imminent increase in immigration. ”2 Both the legislation and the Jewish refugee organizations were in place. America was ready for the DPs. Jewish leaders expected between 20,000 and 30,000 Jews to enter the United States on the DPA of 1948.
58 Rosenberg’s comments are signiﬁcant for several reasons. His characterization of survivors as “dependent” reﬂected a pervasive attitude. On the one hand, it showed recognition that their wartime experiences had deeply affected survivors. On the other hand, it revealed the general perception of the experience—that being in camps had beaten people down and made them unable to think for themselves. This simpliﬁed the problem and suggested a prescriptive, external approach: to make the refugees independent.