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By James J. Rice

No one is content material with the country of overall healthiness and social courses in Canada this day. the suitable thinks that there's an excessive amount of executive involvement, and the Left thinks there's not adequate. In Changing Politics of Canadian Social Policy James Rice and Michael Prince song the heritage of the welfare nation from its institution within the Forties, via its improvement within the mid Nineteen Seventies, to the interval of deficit drawback and discretion that within the past due Nineteen Seventies and 1980s.

Taking a historic point of view, the authors grapple with the politics of social coverage within the Nineties. Globalization and the concomitant company mobility have an effect on government's skill to manage the distribution of wealth, whereas the expanding range of the inhabitants places more and more complicated calls for on an already overstressed approach.

Yet within the face of those constraints, the procedure nonetheless endures and is way from beside the point. a few social courses were dismantled, however the govt has geared up and maintained others. larger democratization of welfare courses and social coverage companies can make the approach thrive back. Changing Politics presents the much-needed foundation for college students and coverage makers whereas additionally featuring genuine suggestions for the future.

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A decision to take advantage of low wages in Mexico can hasten the closure of an assembly plant in Nova Scotia, which in turn can alter corporate investment decisions about locating a plant in Nagpur, India. The economic liberty offered by globalization means that more businesses can seek conditions that favour their productive capacities. To maximize profits, companies actively pursue situations that offer the least regulation, the cheapest labour, and the smallest social welfare burden. Corporations will bypass countries that uphold laws and regulations limiting business profitability in their relentless quest for favourable economic and social conditions.

In their place, postmodernist thinkers advance the idea of the heterogeneous public, emphasizing the particularities of ethnicity, race, gender, culture, age, religion, sexual orientation, ability, social class, and geography. ' The emergence in recent decades of new theoretical approaches to analysing society, the economy, and the state have challenged prevailing notions concerning scientific social knowledge, government planning, and the management of human affairs. Many of the new ways of thinking and theorizing about the welfare state hold a conflict model of society - stressing struggle, coercion, and oppression - rather than a consensus approach which suggests stability and unity over values.

Closely linked is what Grant Schellenberg calls the destandardization of retirement. 'People are leaving the labour force through different pathways and for different reasons than in the past' (1996:151). The ages at which people are retiring from the labour force, as well as the causes and the ways, have become more diverse. Retired people in Canada are not necessarily 'old people' or senior citizens. A second aspect of pluralism is the diversification of family forms in Canada. The nuclear family - married heterosexual couples with children - once the predominant form of family structure in the country, accounted in 1995 for less than half (45 per cent) of all families, compared to 55 per cent in 1981.

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