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By Susan L. Glosser

On the sunrise of the 20th century, China's sovereignty was once fragile at most sensible. within the face of overseas strain and household upheaval, younger city radicals--desperate for reforms that will retailer their nation--clamored for swap, championing Western-inspired kinfolk reform and selling loose marriage selection and financial and emotional independence. yet what got here to be referred to as the hot tradition stream had the unwitting influence of fostering totalitarianism. during this wide-reaching, engrossing e-book, Susan Glosser examines how the hyperlink among kinfolk order and nationwide salvation affected state-building and explores its lasting effects. Glosser successfully argues that the alternative of the authoritarian, patriarchal, nuclear family constitution with an egalitarian, conjugal relatives was once a manner for the kingdom to maintain an important components of its conventional tradition. Her accomplished study exhibits that during the top, kinfolk reform cleared the path for the chinese language Communist occasion to set up a deeply intrusive nation that undermined the legitimacy of person rights.

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Extra resources for Chinese Visions of Family and State, 1915-1953

Example text

As a result, when the CCP finally came to power in 1949, it imposed its vision of a “scientific social order” with relative ease. This welcoming of state intervention suggests an elaboration of Scott’s third point. He suggests that civil societies are brought to their knees by forces that are somehow exterior to the civil societies themselves: “War, revolution, and economic collapse often radically weaken civil society as well as make the populace more receptive to a new dispensation. ”65 My study of the family-reform debate shows that given certain desperate historical circumstances, societies may prostrate themselves to authoritarian states in hopes of saving the nation.

Two years later he returned to China. That summer he joined the Young China Association (Shaonian zhongguo). In the fall he entered the second year of Beijing University’s program in law and government. 10 In 1920, the same year he co-founded the Family Research Society, he helped found the anarchist Struggle So- Glosser, Chinese Visions 9/11/02 1:15 PM Page 30 30 Saving Self and Nation ciety (Fendou she) and its magazine. In January of 1921 he joined the Literary Research Society (Wenxue yanjiu hui).

7 Clearly, the Family Research Society had struck a nerve. These charter members also made plans to publish a first issue of the journal Family Research, funding it with their own money. Although the society was founded in Beijing, the magazine was published in Shanghai, and the society maintained headquarters in both cities. The first issue appeared in mid-August 1920, and the journal continued publication for over two years. 8 A cloth edition of the first volume was published in 1923. Although the journal focused on a narrow slice of the Chinese population, devoting itself to issues that affected young urban men, especially their economic, educational, vocational, and conjugal independence, it drew readers from a broad geographical area.

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