By Jeronim Perović
This booklet examines the function of Soviet power through the chilly warfare. in response to hitherto little recognized records from Western and japanese eu data, it combines the tale of Soviet oil and gasoline with normal chilly battle heritage. This quantity breaks new flooring through framing Soviet power in a multi-national context, taking into consideration not just the view from Moscow, but additionally the views of communist japanese Europe, the united states, NATO, in addition to a number of Western ecu international locations – particularly Italy, France, and West Germany. This e-book demanding situations the various long-standing assumptions of East-West bloc relatives, in addition to laying off new gentle on kin in the blocs in regards to the factor of power. by means of bringing jointly more than a few junior and senior historians and experts from Europe, Russia and the united states, this booklet represents a pioneering endeavour to technique the function of Soviet power through the chilly battle in transnational perspective.
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Additional resources for Cold War Energy: A Transnational History of Soviet Oil and Gas
108 The US had already lifted its sanctions by the time the so-called Urengoi– Uzhgorod pipeline was ofﬁcially opened at the end of 1983. 109 In addition to further consolidating the Soviet Union’s leading power status as Europe’s main energy supplier, this deﬁnitively established natural gas as the most important component of the domestic Soviet energy mix, and Western Siberia as the Soviet Union’s predominant raw materials power house. 111 The level of dependence of some of the larger European countries on Soviet oil and gas increased signiﬁcantly, with Soviet oil and gas representing 20–30 percent of their total consumption.
22 Oil did not ﬁt the image of modernity that the Bolsheviks were aiming for in the early Soviet period. Rather, the development of electricity was placed at the heart of energy policy within the bright future promised by Communism. 24 In the Bolsheviks’ worldview, hydroelectric power plants were a much better symbol of the new Soviet era than the oil well derricks in the petroleum-contaminated landscape around Baku. Oil, which was also viewed as redolent of capitalism, was not the focus of mobilization campaigns, such as those carried out for electriﬁcation, the construction of hydroelectric power stations, or the mining of steel and coal.
In the beginning of 1932, even export volumes fell because of the Soviet Union’s increasing domestic demand for oil. 25 From what they had observed during World War I and from their own experience in the Russian Civil War, the Bolsheviks were well aware that a modern mechanized war could not be won without oil. ”27 However, the Soviet leadership still did not translate that awareness into any type of concrete strategy that placed oil at the center of a new energy policy. Whereas countries such as the UK, Germany, France, and the US had begun the transition of their economies from coal to oil at the beginning of the twentieth century and accelerated this conversion signiﬁcantly during World War I, the Soviet Union initiated this change only at the end of the 1930s.