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By Fabian Wendt

This ebook explores the morality of compromising. the writer argues that peace and public justification are values that supply ethical purposes to make compromises in politics, together with compromises that identify unjust legislation or associations. He explains the way it is feasible to have ethical purposes to comply with ethical compromises and he debates our ethical tasks and duties in making such compromises. The ebook additionally comprises discussions of the assets of the price of public justification, the relation among peace and justice, the character of modus vivendi preparations and the connections among compromise, liberal associations and legitimacy. In exploring the morality of compromising, the publication hence offers a few outlines for a map of political morality past justice.

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3). But as my concern in this book are moral values that provide moral reasons to make moral compromises, I will, for the most time, discuss moral compromises that are made for moral reasons, including pragmatic moral reasons. The other kind of reasons we may have for both moral and non-moral compromises are, in May’s terminology, ‘principled’ reasons. Principled reasons are reasons to agree to a compromise that do not refer to the compromise as an instrument to attain some goal. Using Philip Pettit’s distinction between honoring and promoting values, one could say that one honors values in making a compromise for principled reasons, while 3 Jones and O’Flynn 2013: 121, May 2005: 320.

If I would not persuade everyone else of an arrangement, if I could, then it is not the arrangement I regard as the best1 one (but possibly as the best2 one); if I accept the arrangement nonetheless, then I made a compromise. 34 Compromise, Peace and Public Justification Summary In a moral compromise, one agrees to accept an arrangement that one regards as a moral second-best. A moral second-best is a moral secondbest from the point of view of what I call the first level of moral evaluation. The distinction between two levels of moral evaluation explains how one can make moral compromises for moral reasons: one can agree to a moral second-best from the point of view of the first level of moral evaluation for moral reasons that come into play on the second level of moral evaluation.

Principled and Pragmatic Compromises First of all, one can distinguish compromises according to the kinds of reasons to make them. I already said that one can make compromises for moral or non-moral reasons. 1 We often have reason to compromise because compromising is the only way to cooperate with others and thus to better realize our goals. 2 For example, when one buys a used car from a 1 2 May 2005. May 2005: 320. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016 F. 1007/978-3-319-28877-2_5 47 48 Compromise, Peace and Public Justification private person, one has pragmatic reasons to compromise on the price, for example.

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