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By Senem Ayd?n-Düzgit

This publication examines ecu discourses on Turkey within the ecu fee, eu Parliament and 3 ecu member states (France, Germany and Britain), to bare the discursive development of eu id via ecu representations of Turkey. in line with a poststructuralist framework that conceptualizes id as discursively developed via distinction, the booklet applies severe Discourse research to the research of texts and argues that there are a number of Europe(s) which are developed in talks over the growth of Turkey, various inside of and among various ideological, nationwide and institutional contexts. The ebook discerns 4 major discourse subject matters over which those Europe(s) are developed, such as the conceptualization of Europe as a safety group, as an upholder of democratic values, as a political venture and as a cultural house. The publication argues that Turkey constitutes a key case in exploring numerous discursive constructs of eu identification, because the talks on Turkey pave the way in which for the development of other models of Europe in discourse.

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Extra resources for Constructions of European Identity: Debates and Discourses on Turkey and the EU

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33 One issue that has become more prominent in the aftermath of the rejection of the proposed Constitutional Treaty in France and the Netherlands is the stance of EU public opinion on Turkish accession. Eurobarometer surveys repeatedly indicate that the majority of the EU publics are against Turkish accession, with particularly high rates of opposition observed in countries such as France, Germany and Austria. Studies have argued that these attitudes are closely intertwined with the perception of Turkey as a country that is foreign to Europe in terms of its culture and identity Gimenez and Torreblanca, 2007).

In the case of the first excerpt is drawn, while this assumption is also present in the reference to 'the dialogue with the Muslim world', other means of influence such as Turkish diplomacy and the Turkish military's involvement in international conflicts are also raised. In fact, increasing references to a more active and effective Turkish foreign policy in the Commissioner speeches particularly after 2007 goes parallel to many other academic and policy accounts of the same period that highlight Turkey's growing involvement in its wider neighbourhood.

Particularly in the second excerpt, the overlexicalisation attained through the use of 42 Constructions of European Identity these expressions, belonging to the conceptual domain of 'danger' and 'threat', in combination with extreme case formulations such as 'huge' and repeated usage of 'massive', construct the region as a threatening Other to Europe. The implicit assumption is once again that a 'modern' and an 'economically developed' Turkey would 'inspire' the countries of the region due to religious/cultural affinity that would lead to a policy of imitation, as an extension of conceptualising Islam as a monolithic religion defining the region in its totality.

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