By D.A Novikov
This e-book is a concise navigator around the heritage of cybernetics, its state of the art and clients. The evolution of cybernetics (from N. Wiener to the current day) and the explanations of its ups and downs are provided. The correlation of cybernetics with the philosophy and technique of keep watch over, in addition to with procedure concept and structures research is obviously confirmed.
The e-book offers an in depth research targeting the trendy tendencies of study in cybernetics. a brand new improvement level of cybernetics (the so-called cybernetics 2.0) is mentioned as a technology on basic regularities of platforms association and keep an eye on. the writer substantiates the topicality of elaborating a brand new department of cybernetics, i.e. association conception which reports a firm as a estate, strategy and method.
The ebook is meant for theoreticians and practitioners, in addition to for college students, postgraduates and doctoral applicants. within the first position, the objective viewers comprises tutors and teachers getting ready classes on cybernetics, keep an eye on idea and platforms science.
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Additional info for Cybernetics: From Past to Future
The following groups of topics have been identiﬁed via expertise: mathematical control theory (mathematical results invariant with respect to application domains of controlled objects), “classics” (automatic control theory (ACT) in a wide interpretation5), “networked control” (covering situations when a control object and/or subject and/or communication between them has a networked structure), technical means of control, applied control problems, see Figs. 3. 2 illustrate (a) the relative “stability of traditions” of appropriate scientiﬁc events and (b) a well-known fact that CDC are more “theoretical,” whereas IFAC congresses are par excellence application-oriented.
See the modern textbooks and standards [49, 76, 88, 185, 196, 209, 219]) comprise SA, SD, product lifecycle management (PLM), project and program management, several branches of management science and others, as illustrated by Fig. 2. And general systems theory forms their common methodological core, see Fig. 2. Most applications of SE are complex technical and organization-technical systems, as well as software development. Presently, the branches of “systems studies” (SA, SD, …) are rather an aggregate of technologies and a common language in the form of standards (arising through generalization of successful practical experience, see the Conclusion) than scientiﬁc directions.
See [80, 174] and a survey in ) proposed their own laws, regularities and principles of cybernetics, control and development. First, many principles stated in literature are disputable, as representing the examples of (Footnote 3 continued) controlled object. Indeed, one would hardly imagine a “controller” with greater variety than a human being. 4 Optimization consists in seeking for best alternatives among a set of admissible ones under given constraints (optimal alternatives). In this phrase each word is important.