By Bruce E. Johansen, Barry M. Pritzker
From the origins of local American cultures over the years of colonialism and non-Native growth to the current, Encyclopedia of yank Indian historical past brings the tale of local americans to practical no different prior reference at the topic. that includes the paintings of the various field's ultimate students, it explores this basic and foundational point of the yankee adventure with awesome intensity, breadth, and foreign money, conscientiously balancing the views of either local and non-Native Americans.Encyclopedia of yank Indian historical past spans the centuries with 3 thematically prepared volumes (covering the interval from precontact via eu colonization; the years of non-Native enlargement (including Indian removal); and the fashionable period of reservations, reforms, and reclamation of semi-sovereignty). each one quantity contains entries on key occasions, areas, humans, and concerns. The fourth quantity is an alphabetically equipped source delivering histories of local American international locations, in addition to an intensive chronology, subject finder, bibliography, and thesaurus. for college kids, historians, or an individual attracted to the local American adventure, Encyclopedia of yank Indian background brings that have to lifestyles in an unparalleled approach.
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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of American Indian History (4 volume set)
Housing in the Great Basin typically consisted of brush windbreaks in summer and conical pole (pine and/or juniper) frame structures supporting a covering of brush, bark, grass, and/or tule. Some northern groups used skins to cover the frames. Doorways generally faced east. People wore little clothing except in the coldest weather, when they might wear fur or twined-bark breechclouts as well as blankets of sewn rabbit- or buffalo-skin. As long as 7,000 years ago, people living in the Great Basin were part of extensive trade networks reaching across the region west to the Pacific Ocean.
Around 1500 BCE, people living in southern New Mexico began planting maize (corn) and squash, a skill they probably learned from their neighbors to the south. Beans, making up a third of the American staple crops, probably arrived around 500 BCE. (Beans contain high levels of the essential amino acid lycene, which corn lacks and which aids in the digestion of the protein found in corn. ) The people continued to harvest other plant and animal resources, however, and did not establish permanent settlement, or begin making pottery until roughly 300 BCE.
1999. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. Stirling, Matthew W. ” National Geographic 72:5 (1937), cited in Bruce E. Johansen, comp. Native America and the Evolution of Democracy: A Supplementary Bibliography. 1999, 140. Westport, CT: Greenwood. Pre-contact Indian History T (ca. 20,000 BCE to ca. 1500 CE) T he histories of the Native people of North America are ones of adaptation and diversity. This is true for the long “precontact” period as well as for today. The cultures most commonly cited as “prehistoric” (a misnomer, since the term implies both that writing was absent and that only natural events out of people’s control, not political and cultural ones, shaped the development of Indian societies) are presented as snapshot descriptions of cultural fluidity.