By Frank Ephraim
With the increase of Nazism within the Thirties greater than one thousand eu Jews sought shelter within the Philippines, becoming a member of the small Jewish inhabitants of Manila. whilst the japanese invaded the islands in 1941, the peaceable life of the hardly settled Jews packed with the types of uncertainties and oppression they notion that they had left at the back of. during this booklet Frank Ephraim, who fled to Manila together with his mom and dad, gathers the stories of thirty-six refugees, who describe the tough trip to Manila, the lives they equipped there upon their arrival, and the occasions surrounding the japanese invasion. Combining those debts with old and archival documents, Manila newspapers, and U.S. executive files, Ephraim constructs a close account of this little-known bankruptcy of worldwide heritage.
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Extra resources for Escape to Manila: FROM NAZI TYRANNY TO JAPANESE TERROR
20-25/Ephr 21 5/19/03, 3:49 PM 22 escape to manila assistance. Philip Frieder, in Manila tending the family tobacco business and also heading the Jewish community, immediately went about collecting money, raising 16,000 pesos, about $8,000, in short order. ”6 The Manila Jewish community leaders therefore decided to bank the money for future contingencies. The German evacuation offer—free passage on the Gneisenau—was viewed with mixed emotions by the German Jews in Shanghai. Escape from grave physical danger to the uncertainty of stepping aboard Nazi “territory” subject to possible forced repatriation to Germany could have unimaginable consequences.
On November 10, 1938, by the sound of breaking glass. They were in the family hotel—their permanent home—which was owned and operated by their parents, who occupied the room next door. Hans heard them get up and call the police, but the noises of breaking glass continued. A loud knocking on the door to their parents’ room brought the boys out of bed. Without another thought Hans slid out into the hall and raced toward a window that led out to a low roof. There he stayed till dawn, then crept back through the window, entered his room, and put on some clothes.
5 The Kristallnacht experience was for most German and Austrian Jews the deﬁning moment as they viewed their future—or rather the lack of one—in Nazi Germany. For those who had until then believed that there might be hope for change or accommodation, or that there was still time to plan for emigration, this event cleared all their doubts. My grandfather died of a heart ailment on November 8, 1938. He was buried the next day. As the family was in mourning there were no phone calls, nor was the radio turned on.