Download Florida's Indians from Ancient Times to the Present by Jerald T. Milanich PDF

By Jerald T. Milanich

Florida's Indians tells the tale of the local societies that experience lived in Florida for twelve millennia, from the early hunters on the finish of the Ice Age to the trendy Seminole, Miccosukee, and Creek Indians. while the 1st Indians arrived in what's now Florida, they wrested their livelihood from a land a long way assorted from the fashionable nation-state, one who was once cooler, drier, and virtually two times the dimensions. hundreds of thousands of years later ecu explorers encountered actually hundreds and hundreds of other Indian teams residing in all the things of the nation. (Today each Florida kingdom comprises an Indian archaeological site.) the coming of colonists introduced the local peoples a brand new international and nice alterations happened - by way of the mid-1700s, via conflict, slave raids, and particularly epidemics, the inhabitants was once virtually annihilated. different Indians quickly moved into the nation, together with Creeks from Georgia and Alabama, who have been the ancestors of the trendy Seminole and Miccosukee Indians. Written for a common viewers, this e-book is lavishly illustrated with full-color drawings and images.

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Extra info for Florida's Indians from Ancient Times to the Present

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One artifact found by the Simpsons would offer dramatic proof of the antiquity of humans in Florida. That artifacta broken portion of a harpoonlike spear pointwas made from the ivory tusk of a mammoth, an elephant which lived in Florida during the Ice Age but became extinct shortly after. Not only was the point made from a mammoth's tusk, it was identical to an ivory artifact found at the Blackwater Draw archaeological site near Clovis, New Mexico. In the 1930s at that site, Paleoindian artifacts were found for the first time in America in association with the bones of extinct Pleistocene animals.

H. H. , and published in 1935: Until the summer of 1927 our collection consisted of flint and stone implements, shell ornaments and pottery, but in June of that year began the addition of a section that to us is more interesting, if possible, than any of the others. At that time we found, by accident, a clear river [the Ichetucknee] about sixteen miles from our home. I would have to be an artist to describe the beauty of the place. At all times the river is perfectly transparent.  . The day we found it we waded in the clear water close to the bank, and could see, out in the deeper water, pockets in the rocky bottom which were full of bones of different shapes and sizes.

It was one of these ivory foreshafts that the Simpson family found in the Ichetucknee River and identified as a point. Some spears were used in conjunction with throwing sticks. Bonethrowing stick weights and bone and shell "triggers"the latter fitting over the end of the stick to butt against the end of the spear shafthave come from underwater sites. The use of throwing sticks allowed hunters to cast spears farther and with more force. For hunting, Paleoindians probably used bolas as well as spears.

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