Download Fukushima: The Story of a Nuclear Disaster by The Union of Concerned Scientists, David Lochbaum, Edwin PDF

By The Union of Concerned Scientists, David Lochbaum, Edwin Lyman, Susan Q. Stranahan

4 years have handed because the day the realm watched in horror as an earthquake big enough to shift the Earth’s axis via a number of inches despatched an enormous tsunami towards the japanese coast and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear energy plant, inflicting the reactors’ security platforms to fail and explosions to minimize concrete and metal constructions to rubble. whilst the implications of the 2011 catastrophe proceed to specified their poor fee at the humans of Japan and at the global, Fukushima addresses the bleak questions on the center of the nuclear debate: may perhaps an analogous disaster ensue back, and—most vital of all—how can one of these situation be avoided?

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Additional info for Fukushima: The Story of a Nuclear Disaster

Sample text

In the aftermath of the deadly 1995 Kobe earthquake, the government established the Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion. In 2005, the first National Seismic Hazard Maps of Japan were published. The maps are based on surveys of active faults, long-term estimates of the probability of earthquake occurrence, and evaluations of strong ground motion. They reflect a belief that “characteristic earthquakes” occur at predictable intervals. The concept of hazard mapping provokes controversy among seismologists and emergency planners around the globe.

This risk is higher for children and other groups of people (for instance, those with certain genetic variations) who are more sensitive to the effects of radiation than the average adult. Doses delivered over lengthy periods may be less effective at causing cancer, but there is much uncertainty about whether this is true. ” Increases in cancer risk associated with low doses of radiation are small compared to the background level of cancer in humans. Thus, in epidemiological studies it is hard to detect a direct cause-and-effect relationship between radiation in the low-dose range (generally below about five rem) and cancer.

A newly minted PhD from the prestigious University of Tokyo, Ishibashi discovered that a fault line west of Tokyo was much larger than previously assumed. The Hamaoka nuclear power plant sat atop that fault. Ishibashi’s research findings were published in 1976, the same year Hamaoka’s Unit 1 began producing electricity. By then, Japan had twenty reactors operating or under construction. Not until two years later, in 1978, did Japanese authorities draft seismic guidelines for reactor design. Finding an area in Japan not susceptible to seismic activity was difficult.

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