Download Gender Regimes in Transition in Central and Eastern Europe by Gillian Pascall PDF

By Gillian Pascall

Knowing of welfare states has been a lot enriched by means of comparative paintings on welfare regimes and gender. This booklet makes use of those debates to light up the altering gender regimes in international locations of primary and jap Europe. It has specific value as international locations within the area make the transition from communism and right into a eu Union that has problems with women's employment, work-life stability, and gender equality on the center of its social coverage. The research attracts on quantitative comparative information, and on wealthy qualitative information from a brand new research of moms in Polish families, illuminating the results of adjusting welfare and gender family members from the point of view of these so much at once affected - moms of little ones. This booklet is a vital addition to the literature and is suggested to lecturers and scholars drawn to the research of gender kin, welfare states, and foreign and comparative ecu social coverage. The insights received may also be of worth to these engaged in welfare coverage and perform.

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Women value the independence and social support of the workplace (Łobodzińska, 1995, 1996, 2000; Ferge, 1998). A UNECE report argues: 43 Gender regimes in transition in Central and Eastern Europe For younger and well-educated generations of women in transition countries, ‘housewife’ as a career model has no appeal for similar reasons as in other countries. They want independence and financial security coming from paid work, which includes pensions, important under market conditions and eroding of a cradle-to-grave state protection.

The recent socioeconomic conditions are in contrast with those of the EU15 countries that have experienced steady improvements in real income and a decrease in inequalities. The result is wide differences in living standards between the new CEE member states and the EU15. In 2002, according to purchasing power standards, the highest living standards are in Slovenia and the Czech Republic at around 60% of the EU15 average, while the lowest are in Latvia at less than 40%. In this respect, Poland ranks in the lower middle range of new CEE member states, with living standards just over 40% of the EU15 average (European Commission, 2004a, p 16).

We also ask about the extent to which care responsibilities have been pushed towards households. The development of civil society is a key element of the transition from communism and is also important in terms of developing gender ideas and ideals. While high social spending may be a condition for achieving gender equality, the nature and quality of provisions comes first: so this chapter’s sections start from gender, but each asks about changes in the level of intervention and the consequences for gender equality.

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