By John Agnew
Geopolitics identifies and scrutinizes the important gains of geopolitics from the 16th century to the current, paying shut recognition to its persisting conceptual underpinnings, novel turns and moving affects. The ebook specializes in 5 key techniques of the trendy geopolitical mind's eye: visualising the area as an entire; the definition of geographical parts as 'advanced' or 'primitive'; the concept of the country being the top type of political organization; the pursuit of primacy via competing states; and the need for hierarchy. Addressing topical matters equivalent to the re-integration of Hong Kong into China, the proposed enlargement of powers of the european on the fee of member states and the threatened break-up of states resembling Canada, Spain, Russia and the united kingdom, Agnew exhibits how questions of the association of energy mix with these of geographical definition and highlights the the most important geopolitical 'certainties' from as lately as ten years in the past that are now both long gone or in query. Geopolitics offers a useful advent to present, serious debates over 'geopolitics' and global politics.
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Extra resources for Geopolitics: Re-Visioning World Politics
John Berger (1972, 16) has summarized the implications of the rise of perspective as the governing principle for both viewing and knowing: The convention of the perspective, which is unique to European art and which was ﬁrst established in the early Renaissance, centres everything on the eye of the beholder. It is like a beam from a lighthouse – only instead of light travelling outward, appearances travel in. The convention called those appearances reality. Perspective makes the single eye the centre of the visible world.
The projection of temporal qualities drawn from a rendering of a speciﬁc historical experience on to terrestrial space enables three political–intellectual positions. g. caste in India, the Maﬁa or political instability in Italy). A second is the temptation to exoticize, or focus on differences as the single criterion for comparison between areas. g. difﬁculties of social mobility everywhere, general barriers to political participation). The third is the tendency to totalize the comparison, or turn relative differences into absolute ones.
Rather like the popular history of the United States for Americans, the history of Australia’s exploration and settlement still bulks large in the self-images of Australians and in contemporary Australian politics. 1). The success of at least a measure of redress for the Aboriginal population in the form of land claims also suggests that Australians are ﬁnally coming to terms with what the Australian High Court called a ‘national legacy of unutterable shame’ in the historic relationship between European settlers and Australia’s pre-conquest population (Pagden 2001, 170).