By Ian G Simmons
Classes which care for environmental background have lengthy lacked a entire assessment. I. G. Simmons has made an important contribution with a ebook that appears on the long term heritage of setting and humanity from 10,000 BC to advert 2000. This far-reaching textual content considers the worldwide photo and recognises the contributions of many disciplines together with the ordinary sciences, the social sciences, and more and more, the arts. As a kick off point, this booklet takes the main levels of human technological evolution of the final 12,000 years and considers how those have affected the flora and fauna. It then considers the reaction to stipulations corresponding to weather switch, placing latest preoccupations right into a long term standpoint. it is a booklet of heritage, no longer prophecy, and so makes no decisions on present anxieties. Key good points: *Includes a word list of strange phrases *Notable in being a heritage and never a polemic *Examines the interrelation of historical past and nature, drawing on many fields of studying *Extensive insurance makes this perfect history interpreting for extra specialized remedies and stories
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Extra resources for Global Environmental History: 10,000 BC to Ad 2000
13 Much more is now known about fire in gatherer-hunters’ times, and it has all confirmed and amplified the central importance of fire in that type of culture and, indeed, in subsequent economies as well. Fire has a natural ecology. It occurs at the margins of volcanoes but the most widespread source is lightning fire. Lightning strikes which hit a suitable source of fuel may cause conflagrations to take hold and spread: tundra, grasslands, shrublands, all kinds of forest and even seasonally parched wetlands will burn.
Is a question implicit throughout the empirical matter of the present volume. The tension between the local–relative interpretations of the world and the ‘grand narratives’ has not prevented the believers in the latter from presenting their case. One type of master narrative is that of the natural sciences. 26 This inverts the usual sequence in which climate demarcates the distribution and nature of life for one in which life as a whole produces the global climate. It is argued that the global temperature and the gaseous composition of the atmosphere, and the salinity of the oceans would be diﬀerent without the evolution of life forms.
40. N. Chambers, C. Simmons and M. Wackernagel, Sharing Nature’s Interest, London: Earthscan, 2000; WWF, Living Planet Report 1998, Gland: WWF International, 1998, p. 2. 41. J. Friedman, ‘General historical and culturally specific properties of global systems’, Review 15, 1992, 335–72; C. Chase-Dunn, ‘The historical evolution of world-systems’, Sociological Inquiry 64, 1994, 257–80; C. Chase-Dunn, S. Manning and T. D. Hall, ‘Rise and fall: East-West synchrony and Indic exceptionalism reexamined’, Social Science History 24, 2000, 727–54; H.