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Such concepts are called denoting concepts and the crucial point is that denoting is a relation between concepts and tenns, not between words and tenns. Given this, the common interpretation is that every denoting concept does in fact denote. Hence Russell is credited with a bloated ontology that includes all kinds of non-existent tenns, such as chimaeras, very much like Meinongian non-existent objects. In fact, as Cocchiarella (1987, Ch. 3) has shown, Russell's pre-1905 ontology may not have been as lush as has been generally assumed.

Hylton (1990: Part II) settles for "Platonic Atomism". Worries about calling this phase of Russell's work Platonist usually stem from historians of mathematics, who like to apply the term to theorists with an even richer ontology than Russell's. " He also views Russell in Principles of Mathematics as having a "generally Aristotelian view" (1976: 160). However, as long as it is clear that 'Platonist' is being used in the accepted philosophical sense, there should be no confusion created. Even so, it might be objected, are there not too many changes in Russell's thought from 1899 to 1913 for this period to be legitimately called a single phase?

Hence Russell is credited with a bloated ontology that includes all kinds of non-existent tenns, such as chimaeras, very much like Meinongian non-existent objects. In fact, as Cocchiarella (1987, Ch. 3) has shown, Russell's pre-1905 ontology may not have been as lush as has been generally assumed. According to Cocchiarella, from the start of Russell's post-idealist philosophy not all denoting concepts denote, instead many of them merely purport to denote. Hence, on Cocchiarella's interpretation, Russell's pre-1905 ontology does not include a plethora of non-existent tenns.

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