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By Jacques Taminiaux

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For what needs naming is, as it were, not merely this, that snow is white--but also this, that snow is not white. And that cannot be seen at all. What is not a fact simply is not the case--and so, for the case of what is not a fact there is nothing for the naming. But can't we name what doesn't exist? Doesn't the name 'Pegasus' name something which doesn't exist? The answer is No. That name names nothing--it doesn't name. So the appeal to something parallel to perception fails to take us far enough in the project of naming what sentences signify.

Well, how are we to understand such sentences as It is true that snow is white and It is false that snow is white? On one construal these sentences respectively come to That snow is white is true and That snow is white is false with 'is true' and 'is false' as predicates and 'that snow is white' as a name. But not so for Prior. As he sees it, 'that' never goes with a sentence to form a name. So what we here have are two sentential connectives: 'it is true that' and 'it is false that'. But of what kind?

22 That is, the only sense it makes to speak of "naming" what a sentence says is to take that as another way of speaking of saying what it is a sentence says. And to say what it is a sentence says requires a sentence for the 24 CHAPTER 1 saying of it. In the sense of "naming" in which to name something is to designate it, to single it out, it makes no sense at all to speak of naming what a sentence says. But does this follow from the given premises? Granted that naming and saying are distinct, why can't we also name what we say?

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