By Keijiro Otsuka, Donald F. Larson
This booklet explores fresh stories within the attempt to result in a eco-friendly Revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The chapters specialise in rice and maize, that are promising and strategic smallholder plants. considerably, we discover that an African Rice Revolution has already all started in lots of irrigated components, utilizing Asian-type sleek types, chemical fertilizer, and greater administration practices. additional, we discover that an analogous technological package deal considerably raises the productiveness and profitability of rice farming in rainfed parts besides. We additionally locate facts that that administration education, while performed good, can enhance productiveness on smallholder farms. this implies that African governments can speed up the speed of Africa’s Rice Revolution through strengthening extension capacity.
The tale for maize is utterly diversified, the place such a lot farmers use neighborhood kinds, observe little chemical fertilizer, and acquire very low yields. despite the fact that, within the hugely populated highlands of Kenya, a couple of farmers have followed high-yielding hybrid maize types and chemical fertilizer, as used to be the case within the Asian eco-friendly Revolution, observe manure produced via stall-fed cows, as was once the case in the course of the British Agricultural Revolution, and maintain greater cows or cross-breeds from ecu cows and native inventory, as used to be the case of the Indian White Revolution. We finish that whereas rice in Africa has benefited from an Asian eco-friendly Revolution method that emphasizes smooth seeds, inputs, and centred wisdom transfers, the good fortune of Africa’s Maize Revolution would require a unique method process according to hybrid maize, chemical and natural fertilizers, and stall-fed cross-bred cows.
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Extra info for In Pursuit of an African Green Revolution: Views from Rice and Maize Farmers' Fields
2 On the Determinants of Low Productivity of Rice Farming in Mozambique… 25 In the rainfed areas, most of the farmers who cultivated rice in 2008 also cultivated rice in 2011 (195 out of 211 farmers). Additionally, our descriptive tables indicate that what occurred in the area was not a structural change associated with technology adoption but rather an adjustment of resource use with the same technology set. Therefore, taking advantage of the panel structure we apply household fixed effect models to estimate the determinants of rice production performance.
Additionally, those who had access to rice buyers kept using chemical fertilizer. Keywords Rice farming • Mozambique • Irrigation • Modern inputs • Rice production management training K. jp © The Editor(s) and the Author(s) 2016 K. F. 1 K. 6 % (USDA 2011). 7 %) (United States Department of Agriculture 2011). Initially, local rice production stagnated, resulting in a rapid increase in rice imports. Although it has started rising since 2008, local rice production is still one third of consumption.
We added a number of detailed questions on rice, the importance of which was recognized after the analysis of the previous round of surveys. The survey team tried their best to identify the sample farmers in the previous round, and collected data from 323 farmers in Chokwe and 212 farmers in Zambézia and Sofala. The attrition rate of each site was 27 % and 21 %, respectively. 4 Changes Between 2007/2008 and 2011 This section reviews the changes in production and technologies between the two time periods in each agro-ecological site.