By Martin Junginger, Chun Sheng Goh, André Faaij
The exchange of worldwide bioenergy commodities, akin to ethanol, biodiesel and wooden pellets has been becoming exponentially long ago decade, and feature by means of 2013 reached actual “commodity” volumes, i.e. hundreds of thousands of tonnes traded every year, and billions (both in US$/€) of annual turnover.
IEA Bioenergy activity forty used to be based in 2004 and is now in its 4th triennium. For the prior nine years, activity forty has monitored the advancements in overseas bioenergy alternate, together with the association of approximately 20 workshops on trade-related themes, and the e-book of over a hundred experiences, kingdom reviews, newsletters, and so on. the quantity of fabric produced through the years and insights won in how biomass markets and overseas exchange of biomass and biofuels has built is outstanding. along with that the crowd has produced overviews and insights, additionally a large number of functional adventure has been introduced jointly in what works and what doesn’t. final yet now not least, in keeping with all this, there are clear(er) perspectives on tips to continue to construct operating sustainable overseas biomass markets sooner or later. This publication compiles these classes and insights into an simply available publication publication.
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Extra info for International Bioenergy Trade: History, status & outlook on securing sustainable bioenergy supply, demand and markets
2011). Another term, ‘B99 effect’, was linked to the same phenomenon as the VETC definition of blending made it possible to receive the credit by adding <1 % of mineral oil resulting in trade of B99 biodiesel. By March 2009, the EU put anti-dumping and countervailing duties on US biodiesel imports in place. g. from Argentina, Malaysia, Indonesia (Fig. 5). The 3 Re-exports are defined as exports of previously imported commodities. e. US produced biodiesel was shipped to the EU via Canada (in 2009) and more recently also India.
G. energy utilities, have become wood fuel producers (and traders). At the centre of these developments stands the European Union (EU) whose internal trade between 2000 and 2010 summed up to two-third of global solid biofuel trade (Lamers et al. 2012a). 1, Fig. 1). 1 Trade codes of CN/HS chapter 44 ‘Wood and articles of wood, wood charcoal’, typically used in woody biomass for energy trade CN/HS 4401 CN/HS 440110 440121 440122 440130a Code definition Fuelwood (logs, billets, twigs, faggots or similar forms) Wood in chips or particles (coniferous) Wood in chips or particles (non-coniferous) Sawdust and wood waste and scrap, whether or not agglomerated in logs, briquettes, pellets or similar forms 4402 440200 Wood charcoal (including shell or nut charcoal), whether or not agglomerated 4403 440320 Wood in the rough, whether or not stripped of bark or sapwood, or roughly squared coniferous 440391 As 440320, for oak 440392 As 440320, for beech 440399 As 440320, for other (poplar, eucalyptus, birch) a Replaced by codes HS 440131 Wood pellets and HS 440139 Other as of 2012.
While there is a growing role for biofuel use, consumption of vegetable oil for food keeps growing at a rate of 3–4 % per year. When comparing the growth of vegetable oil consumption from 2005 to 2011, vegetable oils for food have increased with more than 18 million tonnes, vegetable oils for biodiesel with around 13 million tonnes, while other industrial use is rather stable. Worldwide about 12 % of worldwide vegetable oil production is used to produce biodiesel (Fig. 10). When looking at the division between palm oil, soybean oil and rapeseed oil, and its use in industrial vs.