Download Japan's Imperial Diplomacy: Consuls, Treaty Ports, and War by Barbara J. Brooks PDF

By Barbara J. Brooks

In November 1937, Ishii Itaro, head of the japanese overseas Ministry's Bureau of Asiatic Affairs, mirrored bitterly at the decline of the Ministry's impression in China and his personal lengthy and debilitating fight to lead China coverage. Ishii used to be the main remarkable member of a gaggle of middle-level diplomats who, having served in China, strongly encouraged that Japan needs to undertake regulations in concord with China's emerging nationalism and nationwide pursuits. This quantity profiles this detailed pressure of "China provider diplomat", whereas supplying a finished examine the institutional heritage and inner dynamics of the japanese international ministry and its dealing with of China affairs within the years best as much as and during international warfare II. relocating from an exam of a variety of basic resources, together with the records of the japanese overseas Ministry, memoirs, diaries and speeches, the writer deals built-in interpretations of eastern imperialism, international relations, and the bureaucratic restructuring of the Nineteen Thirties that used to be basic to Japan's model of fascism and the circulation towards conflict.

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Additional info for Japan's Imperial Diplomacy: Consuls, Treaty Ports, and War in China, 1895-1938

Example text

The Internal Organization of the Foreign Ministry Along with the developing core of professional bureaucrats, the internal structure of the Gaimushò matured with the advancing Meiji decades. Table 1 contrasts the structure of the ministry in 1873 with that in 1913. In its initial form, the organization had a structure with top-heavy emphasis on the leadership of not one 20 The Rise of Kasumigaseki Diplomacy Table 1. Changes in Early Foreign Ministry Organization 1873 1913 Administration Foreign Minister (Gaimukyò) Vice Minister No.

Nihon gaikòshi jiten, p. 150. but two vice ministers, under which lay six bureaus. Superficially this layout had much in common with later adaptations. Under the bureaus, however, lay a great number of boards (bu), including an Asian board, which often overlapped and further complicated Gaimushò work. Also indicative of a process of Meiji rationalization, nomenclature for posts shifted gradually from the Sinified titles of the early years to characteristic modern bureaucratic ranks. For the most part, men would come to see their promotions in terms of rising from section head (kachò) to bureau head (kyokuchò) and, in some cases, to vice minister (jikan).

11. Establishing a new bureau to study and report on domestic developments. 12. Reorganizing the two sections devoted to personnel and accounting and three devoted to documentation, diplomatic cables, and translation into independent bureaus. 13. Establishing a second vice minister under the first. 14. Increasing sections and broadening the authority of section chiefs. 15. Increasing diplomatic embassies abroad and reviving the commercial consular office system. 16. Establishing a system of administrative justice officials.

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