By Andrea Faggion, Alessandro Pinzani, Nuria Sanchez Madrid
This booklet discusses the potential of Kant’s political and juridical philosophy to make clear present social demanding situations and coverage. by way of contemplating Kant as a latest and never above ethical accountability, the authors discover his political concept because the philosophical beginning of human rights, discussing the appropriate to citizenship, social dynamics and the scope of worldwide justice. concentrating on subject matters resembling society, Kant’s place on human rights, household financial justice, public schooling and ethical advantage, the authors examine the shortcomings of Kant’s modes of notion and support the reader to realize new point of view either in this classical philosopher and on extra modern issues.
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Extra info for Kant and Social Policies
2 The State Looks Down: Some Reassessments of Kant’s... 31 aspect of Kant’s thinking, but we would like to observe, firstly, that not all thinkers of his time shared his extremely negative view of women and, secondly (and more importantly), that the exclusion of women from the circle of the active legal subjects has additional consequences for the resulting legal theory that go well beyond the fact that every time Kant uses the word Mensch he means actually Mann. 11 It is surprising that commentators tend to downplay this question when they claim that Kant is a liberal thinker.
He speaks further of “the idea of a possible united will” (Idee eines möglichen vereinigten Willens) (RL, 6: 258) and of “a general will (in the idea) giving an external law” (ein äusserlich allgemein gesetzgebender Wille) (RL, 6: 259 and 306). 2 The State Looks Down: Some Reassessments of Kant’s... 37 We should note that in the Doctrine of Law Kant uses both the expressions “general will” and “united will” to refer to two different aspects of the idea of the will of the people. The word “general” refers to the activity of law-giving that characterizes this will.
Yet, as Rousseau argued in his Second Discourse, the economy could discourage the legal protection of citizens, bringing about huge imbalances, whereas Kant’s political philosophy provides only a feeble rhetorical shelter against this unconstrained power. Read in the present as well as in the socioeconomical context of his times, Kant is devoid of any hermeneutical means of grasping the complexity of the overlapping interaction between politics and economics. As the Doctrine of Law underscores, Kant is hopeful “that anyone can work his way up from [the] passive condition to an active one” (RL, § 46, 6: 315) but the concrete means to attaining this goal remain not merely unspecified but unattainable to a vast number of individuals within society.