By T. Taylor
An exam of the philosophical matters surrounding prudential price: what it's for anything to be solid for an individual; and overall healthiness: what it's for a persons' lifestyles to move good. It significantly analyses competing methods, and proposes a brand new subjective account that addresses key weaknesses of current theories.
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Extra info for Knowing What is Good For You: A Theory of Prudential Value and Well-Being
42). g. 47). Nussbaum’s version of the capability approach has much in common with objective-list theories (though it is less ambitious, since it does not purport to include everything that contributes to well-being, and more open-ended). It also draws heavily on the Aristotelian notion of a flourishing human life. In more subjective variants, it is desire that marks out particular functionings and capabilities as valuable. In both cases, similar issues bear upon capability theories as upon the subjective and objective approaches with which they are aligned.
It is something that most people seek in their lives, and is often seen as a barometer of how well someone’s life is going. It thus has obvious attractions as the basis of a theory of well-being. As we have seen, happiness theories in general can be seen as a subcategory of hedonism, since they take a mental state to be definitive of well-being. Those versions of this approach which define happiness in terms of pleasure are clearly most closely aligned with hedonism, and share its strengths and weaknesses.
Although this point arose specifically in the context of hedonism, it could be turned into a challenge to subjective theories more widely and seen as a third way in which they may conflict with value intuitions.