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E. e. group problem solving and decision making. Group problem solving and decision making is a mechanism which rely on intensive interaction and communication between the individuals whose knowledge is to be integrated and is suggested to be saved for unusual, complex and important tasks due to the high costs associated with transformation of tacit knowledge so that it can be communicated and with reaching consensus in decision making (Grant, 1996b). Grant (1996b) suggests that efficient knowledge integration requires a certain amount of common knowledge.

Second, it was used to refer to the processes and mechanisms involved in achieving this state of affair13. This interchangeable way of using the concept makes the line of reasoning unclear and the concept less precise. e. the phenomenon of integration, the fact that the concept was also used to refer to processes and mechanisms involved makes the identification of these processes and mechanisms more difficult and does not necessarily contribute to a better and more elaborate understanding of how integration can be achieved.

Engineering tasks which result in a certain type of analyzable problems. e. a specific type of unanalyzable problems. In both of these situations, the interdependence between groups is expected to be low and coordination can be achieved through a combination of formal plans and feedback. With respect to engineering tasks, Perrow (1970:82) suggested that: “…coordination is achieved through the feedback of 11 When discussing the interdependence among different groups, Perrow (1970) is primarily referring to groups at different hierarchical levels and not necessarily to different functional groups.

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