Download Lost Harvests: Prairie Indian Reserve Farmers and Government by Sarah A. Carter PDF

By Sarah A. Carter

Agriculture on Plains Indian reserves is mostly proposal to have failed as the local peoples lacked both an curiosity in farming or an inherent ability for it. In misplaced Harvests Sarah Carter finds that reserve citizens have been worried to farm and expended significant attempt on cultivation; govt regulations, greater than the rest, acted to undermine their luck. regardless of repeated requests for the help of Plains Indians, the Canadian govt supplied little or no support among 1874 and 1885, and what little they did provide proved dead. even if drought, frost, and different usual phenomena contributed to the failure of early efforts, reserve farmers have been made up our minds to create an economic system in response to agriculture and to develop into self reliant of presidency laws and the necessity for suggestions. officers in Ottawa, although, attributed setbacks to not monetary or weather conditions yet to the Indians' personality and traditions which, they claimed, made the Indians unsuited to agriculture. within the decade following 1885 executive regulations made farming nearly very unlikely for the Plains Indians. They have been anticipated to subsist on one or acres and have been denied entry to any advancements in expertise: farmers needed to sow seed by way of hand, harvest with scythes, and thresh with flails. After the flip of the century, the govt. inspired land surrenders to be able to make solid agricultural land to be had to non-Indian settlers. This destroyed any likelihood the Plains Indians had of creating agriculture a solid monetary base. via an exam of the correct released literature and of archival assets in Ottawa, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, Carter presents the 1st in-depth examine of presidency coverage, Indian responses, and the socio-economic situation of the reserve groups at the prairies within the post-treaty period.

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Extra info for Lost Harvests: Prairie Indian Reserve Farmers and Government Policy

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The Cree had to adjust their daily and seasonal habits to the care and protection of these domesticated animals. 51 Indian life on the prairie followed a pattern of concentration and dispersal that paralleled that of the buffalo. In the mid-nineteenth century, most of the Plains Cree gathered along the South Saskatchewan River in June or July when the grass was most lush on the open plains and the buffalo plentiful. 52 Individuals who broke rank endangered the whole camp, as the herds could stampede prematurely.

Around AD 1500, a cold trend shortened the growing season and this phase of cultivation ended. There may have been other such villages in western Canada. 105 A fortified earthlodge village at Blackfoot Crossing on the Bow River in Alberta, known as the Cluny site, has been dated to sometime between 1730 and 1750. 106 The earliest historical evidence of Indian cultivation is provided by Hudson's Bay Company trader Matthew Cocking. In western Saskatchewan in 1772 he found an Indian "Tobacco plantation.

55 The poundmaker, responsible for the construction of the pound, was also in charge of the drive. Various techniques were devised to manoeuvre the animals to the pound from distances of as much as fifty miles. Smoke in the direction of the herd and the movements of runners gradually coaxed them to the drive lines, which might have been several miles apart and three or four miles out from the pound. At this point the man called "he who brings them in" caught the attention of the herd by giving the distress call of the bison calf, and the animals would gradually move toward him within the wings of the pound.

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