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By Desmond Paul Henry

Mereology is the idea which bargains with elements and wholes within the concrete feel, and this research follows its diverse fortunes in the course of the center a long time. It provides a variety of texts, translations and analytic reviews, and insurance levels from Boethius to Paul of Venice.

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BMS Q. 40, HQS 131 - 2) but also have been presupposing the u l t i m a t e a v a i l a b i l i t y of a f u l l - b l o w ' theory of '... e. an '... '-ology, so to speak, or in the m o r e usual nomenclature already encountered previously, an ontology. This c e r t a i n l y has, as part of its business, the metaphysical elucidation of modes of being, and i n t r o d u c t o r y explanations are available in our Presuppositional E x p l i c i t - 23 Section 0 ation (section 10), as w e l l as in LR, HLM, and HQS.

For even as, on the one hand, experts in a specific f i e l d o f study teach us about those things which are t h e i r own proper objects of knowledge, and do not ascend to those things which are common both t o t h e i r own objects of knowledge and t o other entities as w e l l , but presuppose t h e m as already covered by metaphysics, .... so also, on the other hand, t h e metaphysician teaches those things which apply in common to all beings, and does not descend t o the level of things exclusively appropriate to the p a r t i a l aspects of being.

However, the present intent is m e r e l y to emphasise t h a t use of mereological notions f o r the provision of an a l t e r ­ native solution to a h i s t o r i c a l l y local p r o b l e m , usually described as the medieval problem of universals, is, f r o m the purely t h e o r e t i c a l perspective o f both the medievals and ourselves, a c o m p a r a t i v e l y minor m a t t e r , and v e r y f a r f r o m being the raison d'être of mereology i t s e l f . Indeed, i t is p e r f e c t l y possible t o have a mereological system which does not o v e r t l y incorporate the concept of collective class (in the general sense of complete collection) at a l l .

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