Download Mind design II: philosophy, psychology, artificial by John Haugeland PDF

By John Haugeland

Brain layout is the recreation to appreciate brain (thinking, mind) when it comes to its layout (how it really is equipped, the way it works). not like conventional empirical psychology, it really is extra orientated towards the "how" than the "what. An scan in brain layout is prone to be an try and construct whatever and make it paintings - as in synthetic intelligence - than to monitor or research what already exists. brain layout is psychology by way of opposite engineering.

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3) THE MATHEMATICAL OBJECTION. There are a number of results of mathematical logic which can be used to show that there are limitations to the powers of discrete state machines. The best known of these results is known as Gödel's theorem, and shows that in any sufficiently powerful logical system statements can be formulated which can neither be proved nor disproved within the system, unless possibly the system itself is inconsistent. There are other, in some respects similar, results due to Church (1936), Kleene (1935), Rosser (1936), and Turing (1937).

Sometimes such a machine is described as having free will (though I would not use this phrase myself). It is not normally possible to Page 35 determine from observing a machine whether it has a random element, for a similar effect can be produced by such devices as making the choices depend on the digits of the decimal for π. Most actual digital computers have only a finite store. There is no theoretical difficulty in the idea of a computer with an unlimited store. Of course only a finite part of it can have been used at any one time.

We have thus divided our problem into two parts—the child—program and the education process. These two remain very closely connected. We cannot expect to find a good child-machine at the first attempt. One must experiment with teaching one such machine and see how well it learns. One can then try another and see if it is better or worse.

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