By Fikret Berkes, Fikret Berkes, Johan Colding, Carl Folke
Drawing on advanced structures thought, this e-book investigates how human societies care for switch in associated social-ecological platforms, and construct skill to conform to alter. the idea that of resilience is significant during this context. Resilient social-ecological platforms have the aptitude to maintain improvement in a fashion that doesn't result in lack of destiny ideas. Resilient structures offer capability for renewal and innovation within the face of quick transformation and problem. Case experiences and examples from a number of geographic parts, cultures and source varieties are integrated; merging leading edge study from average sciences, social sciences and the arts into an cutting edge framework for sustainable structures.
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Extra info for Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change
S. K. 1996. Command and control and the pathology of natural resource management. Conservation Biology 10: 328–37. , and Roughgarden, J. 1995. Biodiversity in the functioning of ecosystems: an ecological synthesis. In Biodiversity Loss, pp. 44–83, ed. A. -G. M¨aler, C. S. -O. Jansson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , et al. 2001. Historical overﬁshing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science 293: 629–38. , eds. 1994. Investing in Natural Capital: the Ecological Economics Approach to Sustainability.
The challenge is to analyze critical linkages in social–ecological systems, and to generate insights into how to interpret, respond to, and manage feedbacks from complex systems (Folke, Berkes, and Colding, 1998a). , 1998b). 4 deﬁnes the area of interest of the volume. , a regional ecosystem containing the drainage basin of a river, which in turn consists of a number of constituent watershed ecosystems). On the right-hand side is a set of management practices in use. These practices are embedded in institutions, and the institutions themselves may be a nested set.
Ecological knowledge and institutions, important for the arguments in this volume, are considered to be a part of this cultural capital (Berkes and Folke, 1994). , 1999). The emphasis is on institutions, deﬁned as ‘humanly devised constraints that structure human interaction . . made up of formal constraints (rules, laws, constitutions), informal constraints (norms of behavior, conventions and self-imposed codes of conduct), and their enforcement characteristics’ (North, 1994). Institutions are the set of rules actually used or the working rules or rules-in-use (Ostrom, 1992).