Download Papaya : biology, cultivation, production and uses by Parmeshwar Lal Saran, Ishwar Singh Solanki, Ravish Choudhary PDF

By Parmeshwar Lal Saran, Ishwar Singh Solanki, Ravish Choudhary

With assurance that levels from uncomplicated details to complex examine, Papaya: Biology, Cultivation, construction and Uses pulls jointly the huge literature scattered over a variety of resources into one functional source. The booklet offers a fantastic evaluate of papaya biology, construction, and makes use of supported through colour pictures and illustrations. It covers papaya cultivation, botany, genetics, medicinal makes use of, unfruitfulness, plant security, and physiological issues for the 1st time in massive detail.

This textcomprises complicated details on agronomy, breeding, seed construction expertise, clinical crop administration concerns, and guarded cultivation. It discusses papain, papaya items, resource of gear, vital nutrition, anti-nutrients, and different advertisement compounds produced and used for sickness administration. extra history fabric at the creation, processing, makes use of of papaya, issues to be taken under consideration whilst assessing new types of papaya and components to be analyzed with regards to meals and feed.

Papaya is likely one of the so much nutritious and medicinally vital culmination of the tropical area. clinical papaya cultivation and effective use of assets carry the genuine key to offering clean papaya produce and livelihood defense to the hundreds of constructing international locations. hence, the educational and sensible wisdom approximately papaya construction is key to supporting you formulate administration practices for sustainable agricultural development.

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Example text

The stigma becomes receptive 48 h before anthesis and continues to be receptive up to 72 h after anthesis. Usually for crossing, the flowers about to open are emasculated in the evening and bagged. They are pollinated in the morning next day with freshly collected or stored pollens and bagged again. m. in flowers of all species studied, except pistillate flowers of C. ) and the staminate flowers of C. ). Anthesis is sex dependent and stigma receptivity is maximum on the day of anthesis (Subramanyam and Iyer 1986).

Those BACs were extended by designing probes from their BAC end sequences to scan the BAC library for overlapping BACs. 5 Mb. These efforts resulted in the discovery that severe suppression of recombination and degeneration is occurring in 10% of these homologous chromosomes, leading to the conclusion that these are in fact incipient sex chromosomes (Liu et al. 2004). Next, 50,661 BAC ends from 26,017 BAC clones were sequenced, allowing for chromosome walking techniques to be implicated to identify additional BACs in this area of interest (Lai et al.

Recombination occurs throughout the homologous regions of the sex chromosomes, but it is suppressed in the sex specific region of the chromosome pairs (~13% of the sex chromosomes) (Zhang et al. 2008). Recombination rate recovers and elevates in the border regions of the HSY (Yu et al. 2009). To link chromosomes to their genetic sequences, genetic mapping of the papaya genome was carried out and 30 Papaya resulted in 12 genetic linkage groups, including nine major and three minor linkage groups (Chen et al.

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