By Stewart Lone
In distinction to the long-lasting stereotype of a вЂnation of samuraiвЂ™, this booklet makes use of provincial newspapers and native documents to listen to the voices of normal humans dwelling in imperial Japan via numerous a long time of conflict and peace. those voices show the actual stories, evaluations and feelings of fellows, ladies and kids. They convey that the effect of a uniquely disciplined, regimented, militaristic society, which took root within the Western mind's eye from the Nineties and which helped result in the Pacific battle of 1941-5, is a gross phantasm.
Stewart Lone demanding situations the long-standing view of prewar Japan as a вЂmilitaristicвЂ™ society. rather than counting on the standard debts approximately senior commanders and politics on the center of presidency, he indicates the realities of provincial societyвЂ™s family members with the army in Japan at floor point. operating from the viewpoint of civil society and either rural and concrete lifestyles within the provinces, Lone investigates broader civil contacts with the army together with faculties, neighborhood companies, rest and leisure, civic ceremonies and monuments, in addition to public attitudes in the direction of the army and its values.
This booklet may be of curiosity to higher undergraduates, postgraduates and lecturers attracted to army background and jap history.
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Extra resources for Provincial Life and the Military in Imperial Japan: The Phantom Samurai
In Tokyo, the leading Yu-bin Ho-chi Shimbun, which had four war correspondents in Korea even before the start of hostilities, underwent a major restructuring late in 1894, shortening its name to Ho-chi Shimbun, changing its format, adding more illustrations, and adopting a style of writing more accessible to all social classes. In Gifu, the GNN announced its own wartime reforms in October 1894. Essentially, these involved many more reports than hitherto (though with no increase in the price of 1 sen per copy) and also various special services.
In reports of village funerals for individual war dead, such as those at the counties of Ena, Fuwa, and Kakami, all in December 1894 (and all for victims of illness), the ﬁgure for attendance in each case exceeded 1,000 people. For the funeral in February 1895 of a sergeant from a village in Toki county who was killed in battle, the number rose to more than 3,000. 22 As a direct encounter with the military (even though the physical body had already been reduced to a few earthly remains), funerals reached more people than the rail station.
2 The proﬁts of war The conﬂict with China 1894–95 and beyond Between August 1894 and April 1895, Japan was at war with Qing China. The goal was to replace China as the dominant power in Korea. To this end, Japan mobilized a force of 240,000 men (5,000 of these from Gifu); Beijing put about four times that number into the ﬁeld but the majority was untrained, poorly armed, and bereft of support such as medical care. The ﬁghting was mainly in Korea and Manchuria in China’s northeast. The Japanese forces won every engagement on land and sea, although not without a far greater struggle on occasion than is usually credited in the history books.