By Daniel Callcut
When Bernard Williams died in 2003, the days newspaper hailed him ‘as the best ethical thinker of his generation’. This striking choice of especially commissioned new essays on Williams's work is crucial studying for an individual drawn to Williams, ethics and ethical philosophy and philosophy in general.
Reading Bernard Williams examines the outstanding scope of his philosophy from metaphysics and philosophy of brain to ethics, political philosophy and the background of philosophy. a world line up of remarkable members speak about, among others, the next relevant points of Williams's work:
- Williams's problem to modern ethical philosophy and his criticisms of 'absolute' theories of morality
- reason and rationality
- the reliable life
- the emotions
- Williams and the phenomenological tradition
- philosophical and political agency
- moral and political luck
- ethical relativism
Contributors : Simon Blackburn; John Cottingham; Frances Ferguson; Joshua Gert; Peter Goldie; Charles Guignon; Sharon Krause; Christopher Kutz; Daniel Markovits; Elijah Millgram; Martha Naussbaum; Carol Rovane
Read Online or Download Reading Bernard Williams PDF
Similar metaphysics books
The Pythagorean concept that quantity is the main to figuring out truth encouraged philosophers within the fourth and 5th centuries to increase theories in physics and metaphysics utilizing mathematical versions. those theories have been to turn into influential in medieval and early sleek philosophy, but in the past, they've got now not got the intense recognition they deserve. This e-book marks a step forward in our figuring out of the topic by way of studying topics in conjunction for the 1st time: the determine of Pythagoras as interpreted by means of the Neoplatonist philosophers of the interval, and using mathematical rules in physics and metaphysics.
Part I The Revival Of Pythagoreanism within the Neoplatonic School
1. sorts of Pythagoreanism within the moment and 3rd Centuries AD
1. Numenius of Apamea
2. Nicomachus of Gerasa
2. Iamblichus' paintings On Pythagoreanism: name, Plan, the 1st 4 Books
1. The identify and total Plan
2. Pythagoras (Book I: at the Pythagorean Life)
3. Pythagorean Philosophy (Book II: the Protreptic)
4. Pythagorean Mathematical technological know-how (Book III: On basic Mathematical Science)
5. mathematics (Book IV: On Nicomachus' Arithmetical Introduction)
3. On Pythagoreanism V – VII: The Excerpts in Michael Psellus
1. Michael Psellus, Philosophical Excerptor
2. Psellus' Excerpts from On Pythagoreanism V – VII
3. On Pythagoreanism V
(i) common Plan
(ii) actual Number
(iii) Formal and fabric Causation
(iv) effective Causation
(vii) The Void
Wittgenstein's later writings generate loads of controversy and debate, as do the results of his principles for such subject matters as cognizance, wisdom, language and the humanities. Oswald Hanfling addresses a widespeard tendency to ascribe to Wittgenstein perspectives that transcend these he truly held.
Alain Badiou's Being and occasion is the main unique and critical paintings of French philosophy to have seemed in contemporary a long time. it's the magnum opus of a philosopher who's largely thought of to have re-shaped the nature and set new phrases for the longer term improvement of philosophy in France and in other places.
- Free will, agency, and meaning in life
- Beyond Experience: Metaphysical Theories and Philosophical Constraints (Toronto Studies in Philosophy)
- Metaphysics: An Introduction
- The Jena System, 1804-5: Logic and Metaphysics (Mcgill-Queen's Studies in the History of Ideas)
Additional info for Reading Bernard Williams
L. Hardin, Colour for Philosophers (Indiana: Hackett, 1988). 18 Hilary Putnam, “Reply to Bernard Williams’s Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline”, Philosophy 76, 2001, p. 608. 19 Williams, Ethics and the Limits, p. 139. , p. 140. , pp. 137–8. S. Schiller, Studies in Humanism (London: Macmillan, 1907), p. 459. 23 David Lewis, “New Work for a Theory of Universals”, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61, 1983, 343–77. 24 Quentin Skinner, Visions of Politics, Vol. 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), Chapter 8.
A single evolutionary process, we may grant, led to the rise of species like the sheep and the tiger, and us, but the branch of the ‘tree’ of 26 THE “RADICAL CONTINGENCY OF THE ETHICAL” life to which we humans belong diverged so far ago from that which produced these other mammals that it is incoherent to suppose that we might have been such creatures. Nonetheless, there are concerns that do seem to be raised once we adopt a biologically informed genealogical perspective on our origins. Our human nature came into being, let us grant, as a result of various complex evolutionary pressures, which might, under diﬀerent circumstances, have produced creatures very similar to us but with slightly diﬀerent characteristics.
An urbane modern European who regards human sacriﬁce as inconceivably abhorrent might well have regarded it as quite the done thing had he been born in ancient Mesopotamia or Peru. How disturbed should we be by this apparent contingency in our deepest beliefs and attitudes? This will be the question I shall mostly be concerned with in this chapter. The way we answer that question has crucial implications for the ancient philosophical project of trying to determine how one should live. Bernard Williams was very pessimistic about the viability of that project, at least in anything like its traditional ambitious form; and the eloquent articulation of the grounds for such pessimism – centring on the problem of contingency – was among his most potent philosophical legacies.