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By Warner. W. Lloyd

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Additional info for Structure of American Life: Being the Munro Lectures delivered in the University of Edinburgh April-May 1950

Sample text

So viewed, the several varieties of communities and local groups studied by sociologists and anthropologists— although they vary widely among themselves, socially from the very simple to the very complex, technically from the low hunters and gatherers to the technology of the machine and, in population, from a score or so to the millions of metropolises— are essentially the same in kind. They all are located in a given territory which they partly transform for purposes of maintaining the life of the group.

It organizes and controls the species be­ haviour having to do with procreation and the care and protection of the young at the biological level ; on the social level, it trains the young in the use of symbols, skills, and rules and teaches them to evaluate what they and others think and do with the basic values and beliefs of the society. At the psychological level, it helps evoke a way of life within each individual organism which is a private world of emo­ tions, beliefs, and conscience that is unique and different from all other personalities.

In the Deep South, segregation prevails and Jim-Crowism is common and enforced in public conveyances. In Chicago there is no segregation in any kind of public conveyance. The motion picture theatres are segregated in the South, but there is no formal segregation in Chicago. 9 From this analysis it can be seen that, when one com­ pares these two extremes, the position of the Negro in Chicago is much better and far more like that of a white than it is in Deep South, but colour lines still exist and the relation is still one of superordination and subordination despite the many changes that are now occurring.

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