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By Julia Wright

While different countries are compelled to reconsider their agricultural and nutrients defense techniques in mild of the post-peak oil debate, they just have one residing instance to attract from: that of Cuba within the Nineties. in accordance with the 1st and, up until eventually now, merely systematic and empirical examine to return out of Cuba in this subject, this ebook examines how the country effectively headed off its personal nutrients difficulty after the dissolution of the Soviet Bloc within the early Nineteen Nineties. It identifies the regulations and practices required for such an success lower than stipulations of petroleum-scarcity, and in doing so it demanding situations the extra universal, loose industry improvement procedure as inspired in different food-insecure nations and areas. ironically, the ebook debunks the parable that Cuba became to a common natural method of agriculture, a delusion that's perpetuated by way of nearly all of viewers to the rustic, who purely come across city gardens. In rural areas, to which the writer had licensed entry, high-input and built-in agriculture used to be the purpose, even if perform used to be hampered by way of the fluctuations in availability of agrochemicals and gas. Cuban associations and participants have been faced with a sequence of demanding situations to happening the natural path, and those demanding situations are pointed out as those who different nations also will need to face as they try and advance extra sustainable, natural farming structures. The ebook counters the rhetoric of foreign coverage on attaining sustainable agriculture and foodstuff protection for constructing nations within the context of dwindling worldwide provides of fossil fuels, and offers beneficial studying fabric for the present fledgling makes an attempt at power descent plans and the mainstreaming of eco-living in industrialized international locations.

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While different countries are compelled to reconsider their agricultural and nutrition protection suggestions in gentle of the post-peak oil debate, they just have one residing instance to attract from: that of Cuba within the Nineteen Nineties. in keeping with the 1st and, up until now, purely systematic and empirical examine to come back out of Cuba in this subject, this publication examines how the kingdom effectively headed off its personal nutrition difficulty after the dissolution of the Soviet Bloc within the early Nineties.

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Wageningen Balfour, E. B. , Lueck L. and Liefert, C. (2007) ‘The effect of short term feeding with organic and conventional diets on selected immune parameters in rat’, Paper presented at 3rd QLIF Congress: Improving Sustainability in Organic and Low Input Food Production Systems, University of Hohenheim, Germany, 20–23 March 02c_Sustain_Agric_011-042 6/11/08 15:02 Page 33 Post-Petroleum Food Systems: Transition and Change 33 Benbrook, C. (2005) ‘Breaking the mold – impacts of organic and conventional farming systems on mycotoxins in food and livestock feed’, State of Science Review, The Organic Center, USA.

For example, comparative studies indicate that the energy use of organic box schemes may be 90 per cent less than if purchasing similar, industrially produced foods from a supermarket (Hamer and Anslow, 2008). Using the peak-oil challenge as a driving force for change Business as usual or creative evolution? The various scenarios and predictions over life after peak oil have been neatly grouped by Hopkins (2006) into four categories. The first category is one of 02c_Sustain_Agric_011-042 6/11/08 15:02 Page 15 Post-Petroleum Food Systems: Transition and Change 15 societal collapse, whereby military force is required to secure remaining hydrocarbon reserves, and chaos ensues.

Plant breeding and the selection-out of distasteful compounds also reduces the level of natural plant toxins including phytonutrients. , Langton, A. and Plackett, C. (2007) ‘Energy use in agriculture and horticulture; moving to a low carbon economy’, The Commercial Grower (9 August). , Huber, M. A. , Baars, E. W. and Baars, T. (2005) Organic Products and Health. , Benz, M. , Michels, K. , Waser, M. and Pershagen, G. (2006) ‘Allergic diseases and atopic sensitisation in children related to farming and anthroposophic lifestyle.

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