Download The Beaver Hills Country: A History of Land and Life (Au by Graham A. MacDonald PDF

By Graham A. MacDonald

This publication is explores a comparatively small, yet attention-grabbing and anomalous, zone of Alberta among the North Saskatchewan and the conflict Rivers. The Beaver Hills arose the place mountain glaciers from the west met continental ice-sheets from the east. an outline of the hills’ physiography is helping us to know the complexity and range of landscapes, soil forms, and plants groups. Ecological topics, corresponding to climatic cycles, flooring water availability, plants succession and the reaction of natural world, and the impression of fires, form the probabilities and supply the demanding situations to people who have known as the zone domestic or used its diverse assets: Indians, M?tis, and ecu immigrants.

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Searching them out became the occasion for some exploration of the country east of Fort Edmonton. “After crossing the Saskatchewan River on the ice, our course was at first easterly over the Beaver Hills. ” Then in the afternoon “we got into some open country, and travelling briskly reached the tents of the freemen’s camp about an hour after dark, having travelled forty miles from the fort. ”48 The final reports of the Palliser Expedition reveal that the members took a keen interest in trying to assess the population and distribution of the Native peoples they encountered.

It is the R. de Poskoyac on Philippe Buache’s map of 1754. ”4 In early 1755 another trader, Anthony Henday, journeyed onto the plains from York Factory via the Saskatchewan. He travelled the length of the Battle River valley, during which time he reported on presumed Blackfoot peoples at Earchithinue Sokohegan (Blackfoot Lake) northeast of present day Leduc. Henday appears to have explored the area and hunted in the Beaver Hills. In his time, then, the Blackfoot were frequenting lands well north of the Battle River The sketchy nature of his memoirs has been a frustration to later chroniclers.

The “pedlars” were quick to take the lead, but so disruptive were their tactics in certain quarters that the entire conditions of the trade were threatened by 1780. 9 One of the earliest notices of the Native residents of the Beaver Hills area was contained in a reference to this great tragedy of plains life. 10 Historian Frank G. 11 The effects of such deprivation were then compounded by the conquest in 1782 of the English posts on the Bay by the French commander La Pérouse. The effect was to disrupt trade in both directions and to cut off the inward flow of much-needed supplies of all kinds.

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